Jump to content Jump to navigation

Zarinah Waheed

Z. (Zarinah) Waheed, PhD candidate - Taxonomy and Systematics

Contact

Email: zarinah.waheed@naturalis.nl
Phone: +31 (0)71 56 87 613
Room number: C02.07, Darwinweg 2

Career


This page is under construction.

Research

Research interest

Malaysia & The Coral Triangle:
Exploring the boundaries of the centre of maximum marine biodiversity

Much remains to be discovered about the biodiversity of coral reefs in Malaysia, making this region a priority for coral reef research. Malaysia is estimated to have a total reef area of 4 000 km2 with predicted 550 species of  hard corals in East Malaysia and 367 hard coral species in Peninsular (West) Malaysia. Sabah contains more than 75% of all Malaysian reefs and Sabah is the north-westernmost area of the Coral Triangle. The Coral Triangle boundary was recently demarcated (as suggested by Veron et. al., 2009), but there are regions within and just outside the boundary that are still data deficient.

Keywords

--

Current research topics

The biodiversity gradient between Peninsular Malaysia and East Malaysia 

We aim to compare the biodiversity gradient between Peninsular Malaysia and East Malaysia focusing on hard coral families Agariciidae, Euphylliidae, and Fungiidae. Species of these families are taxonomically well known and are easily identified in the field. Reliable data can be obtained on these species presence or absence per reef area surveyed. The assessment of the coral richness and community composition will be done by looking at the diversity along onshore-offshore gradients representing various reef zones. This information will show the changes in species composition of assemblages between different sites within each area and can be useful to design MPA boundaries and decide on Priority Conservation Areas (PCAs) as it reflects the environmental variability (e.g. distance from shore, depth, exposure) that are operating in the area.

In Peninsular Malaysia, the marine parks of Pulau Payar, Pulau Tioman and Pulau Redang are selected for the study area, representing both the west coast and east coast of the peninsula. In East Malaysia, the data collection will be conducted in three general regions of Sabah – reefs surrounding Semporna in the east coast, the Banggi group of islands, Kudat in the north, and reefs around Kota Kinabalu in the west coast. Layang-Layang in the Spratlys is also a potential study site.

Connectivity and dispersal patterns of model species

Studies have conclusively shown that Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) can enhance the biomass and diversity of over-exploited communities. However, MPAs can only be successful if they are placed strategically, that is, at areas with optimal larval recruitment and also areas that are deemed as the main sources of coral larvae. Direct measurements of mean larval dispersal are extremely difficult. Genetic patterns of isolation by distance have the potential to infer larval dispersal distance and can help set the appropriate geographic scales on which MPA systems will function well. As most coral reef organisms have a pelagic larval dispersal phase, the utility of genetic similarity for recognizing regional patterns of genetic connectivity between marine populations appears to be useful. We plan to examine the genetic population structure of three model species, Tridacna crocea (boring giant clam), Heliofungia actiniformis (mushroom coral), and Linckia laevigata (blue sea star) in order to get an insight on the dispersal patterns of these species among the study sites (mentioned above) in Malaysia. This study will be done in collaboration with Prof. Dr. Marc Kochzius from the Free University of Brussels, Belgium. 

Collaborations

--

Teaching

Courses

Available student projects

Publications

2015

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Huang D., Licuanan W.Y., Hoeksema B.W., Chen C.A., Ang P.O., Huang H., Lane D.J.W., Vo S.T., Waheed Z., Amri A.Y., Yeemin T., Chou L.M. 2015. Extraordinary diversity of reef corals in the South China Sea. Marine Biodiversity 45: 157-168.
Go to website (URI)

Waheed Z., Benzoni, F., Mei, S.E.T. van der, Terraneo T.I., Hoeksema B.W. 2015. Scleractinian corals (Fungiidae, Agariciidae and Euphylliidae) of Pulau Layang-Layang, Spratly Islands, with a note on Pavona maldivensis (Gardiner, 1905). ZooKeys 517: 1-37.
Go to website (DOI)

Waheed Z., Mil H.G.J. van, Hussein M.A.S., Jumin R., Ahad B.G., Hoeksema B.W. 2015. Coral reefs at the northernmost tip of Borneo: an assessment of scleractinian species richness patterns and benthic reef assemblages. PLOS ONE 10: e0146006.
Go to website (DOI)

2014

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Waheed Z., Hoeksema B.W. 2014. Diversity patterns of scleractinian corals at Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, in relation to exposure and depth. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 62: 66-82.
Go to website (URI)

Benzoni F., Arrigoni R., Waheed Z., Stefani F., Hoeksema B.W. 2014. Phylogenetic relationships and revision of the genus Blastomussa (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia) with description of a new species. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 62: 358-378.
Go to website (URI)

Terraneo T.I., Berumen M.L., Arrigoni R., Waheed Z., Bouwmeester J., Caragnano A., Stefani F., Benzoni F. 2014. Pachyseris inattesa sp. n. (Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Scleractinia): a new reef coral species from the Red Sea and its phylogenetic relationships. ZooKeys 433: 1-30.
Go to website (URI)

Hoeksema B.W., Waheed Z., Voogd N.J. de 2014. Partial mortality in corals overgrown by the sponge Terpios hoshinota at Tioman Island, Peninsular Malaysia (South China Sea). Bulletin of Marine Science 90: 989-990.
Go to website (URI)

2013

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Waheed Z., Hoeksema B.W. 2013. A tale of two winds: species richness patterns of reef corals around the Semporna peninsula, Malaysia. Marine Biodiversity 43: 37-51.
Go to website (URI)

Hoeksema B.W., Waheed Z., Alamaru A. 2013. Out of sight: aggregations of epizoic comb jellies underneath mushroom corals. Coral Reefs 32: 1065.
Go to website (URI)

2012

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Waheed Z., Hoeksema B.W. 2012. Coral-mimicking corallimorpharians on the reefs of Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia. Coral Reefs 31: 519-519.
Go to website (URI)

Hoeksema B.W., Waheed Z. 2012. It pays to have a big mouth: mushroom corals ingesting salps at northwest Borneo. Marine Biodiversity 42: 297-302.
Go to website (URI)

Journals non-SCI, peer-reviewed

Hoeksema B.W., Waheed Z. 2012. Onset of autotomy in an attached Cycloseris coral. Galaxea: Journal of Coral Reef Studies 14: 1-2.
Go to website (DOI)

2011

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Hoeksema B.W., Waheed Z. 2011. Initial phase of autotomy in fragmenting Cycloseris corals at Semporna, eastern Sabah, Malaysia. Coral Reefs 30: 1087-1087.
Go to website (URI)

Journals non-SCI, peer-reviewed

Hoeksema B.W., Waheed Z. 2011. Size-dependent dispersal by Goniopora stokesi corals at Semporna, eastern Sabah, Malaysia. Galaxea: Journal of Coral Reef Studies 13: 9-10.
Go to website (URI)