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Menno Schilthuizen

Prof. Dr. M. (Menno) Schilthuizen, Senior researcher - Terrestrial Zoology

Contact

Email: menno.schilthuizen@naturalis.nl
Phone: +31 (0)71-75 17 285
Room number: Room 3.08 (3rd fl.) Darwinweg 4; mobile: 06-22030313
“I am fascinated by patterns in biodiversity.”

My personal drive is the endless diversity of life, which began when I was still a little boy, collecting bugs and botanising in our backyard. This childhood fascination morphed into a professional dedication to understanding the many facets involved in the evolution of species and the way communities of closely related species interact ecologically. The organisms I work with are mainly beetles and land snails, but I am not wedded to these taxa, and occasionally I choose additional kinds of organisms to suit certain research questions. Through my popular writing and public appearances I try to pre-digest complex evolutionary and ecological concepts for a general audience, and to share my personal fascinations with more than just my direct colleagues.

Career

At Naturalis Biodiversity Center, I hold a position as research scientist. Furthermore, I hold a professorship at Leiden University, and a research associateship at the Institute for Tropical Biology and Conservation at Universiti Malaysia Sabah. At the latter institute, I worked as an associate professor from 2000 until 2006. In addition to my scientific work, I have been active as a popular science writer since 1994.

Research

Research interest

My main research interest is to understand the causes for evolutionary radiations in groups of related species. Working mainly with terrestrial gastropods and Coleoptera, I use taxonomy, paleontology, phylogenomics, microanatomy, morphogenetic modeling, and field ecology to build a comprehensive analysis of the evolutionary processes involved in the radiation of the group under study. To facilitate research and share our results, I encourage web-based taxonomy initiatives for the groups we work on.

For Southeast-Asian gastropods, three Encyclopedia of Life pages have been set up by my former PhD student Liew Thor-Seng.

Borneo terrestrial mollusks
Opisthostoma (fam. Diplommatinidae)
Peninsular Malaysian terrestrial mollusks

For Cholevidae beetles, a scratchpad has been set up and maintained by my former MSc student Rik Lievers.

Cholevidae (also known as Cholevinae, Catopidae, and Catopinae) Scratchpad

Keywords

land snails, community ecology, tropical biology, evolutionary radiations, terrestrial gastropods, morphology and anatomy, coleoptera

Current research topics

Evolution of endemism 

1. High-elevation endemics in Borneo

In 2012, Naturalis, together with Sabah Parks, organised a joint expedition to unravel the evolution of endemic species on Mount Kinabalu, Borneo. The expedition attracted a lot of attention in the media, for example on NBC and De Volkrant. Also, blogs were maintained, in Dutch on the Naturalis website, and in English on the Scientific American website. And animator Aart Taminiau produced a cute animation.

 

2. Evolution of a brass band 

In Southeast Asia, limestone (a calcareous, alkaline habitat) occurs as thousands of small, isolated, and scattered outcrops, surrounded by non-calcareous, mostly acidic substrates. Many groups of terrestrial gastropods occur only on these karsts, where they exhibit enormous morphological diversity including wonderful shapes.

Many of these species are endemic to single outcrops, and are sufficiently endangered to have been placed on the IUCN Red List. We are currently exploiting this fauna for studies to understand the diversification of shell shape as well as for community-ecological studies.

More information:
2006 Evolution paper
2011 Contributions to Zoology paper
Liew Thor-Seng's homepage
VPRO Noorderlicht: Video on extinction of limestone microsnails (in Dutch)

Rapid Evolution in the Anthropocene

1. Snail shell colour evolution

Using the classic model species Cepaea (the banded snail), this project aims to assess the evolutionary effects of human-induced climate and habitat change. Kick-started by the successful Darwin Year (2009) citizen science project Evolution Megalab, we are running studies in which we resample sites that have been sampled for Cepaea in the past. We also use transcriptomics to obtain information on the shell pigmentation genes involved. In combination with GIS and climate data, we assess and interpret the adaptive changes in morph frequencies.

More information:
Instruction video on YouTube (in Dutch)
The PLoS ONE paper

 

2. Evolution after invasion

A comparable study within this project is concerned with the evolutionary adaptation of native herbivorous insects to introduced plants (Evolution after invasion). Started in early 2008, we identify cases of normally oligophagous phytophagous insects that feed on woody plants without related native species. This usually includes trees and shrubs from other continents and/or genera with no European representatives. Once identified, the populations on the new host plant is screened for morphometric or genetic differentiation from the population on the native host plant, to look for incipient sympatric speciation.

 

Left hand, right hand

Chirality is the phenomenon that, like hands, asymmetric objects can come in two mirror-image forms. Many organs and entire organisms are asymmetric. However, in most species, only one of the two mirror-images actually exists. In snails, for example, almost all species are entirely clockwise or anti-clockwise coiled.

Rarely do both mirror-image forms occur mixed in the same population (a situation known as 'antisymmetry'). I am working on understanding the causes for this rarity of antisymmetry and the causes for antisymmetry when it does occur, in various groups of organisms, notably Amphidromus treesnails and insect genitalia.

More information: 
Interview on Noorderlicht Nieuws (in Dutch)
Journal of Evolutionary Biology paper
Masaki Hoso's homepage
My inaugural lecture 
Research trailer asymmetry

Collaborations

Satoshi Chiba, Tohoku University, Japan

Supervision PhDs

Promotor

Salmah Yaakop (Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, 2011)

Kim Meijer (Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, 2013)

Thor-Seng Liew (Universiteit Leiden, 2014)

Kasper Hendriks (Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, projected for 2019)

Teaching

Courses

Student projects

All the projects I work on, have the possibility for students (Bachelor, Master, or HBO) to do smaller research projects. I also occasionally help students design a project that is tailor-made to their wishes, provided it fits within one of my research interests.

Supervision BSc Students

2012 Supervisor - Thijmen Breeschoten - The evolution pattern of asymmetric genitalia in Cyclocephalini (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae) beetles
2012 Co-supervisor - Kasper Hendriks - A reconstruction of the phylogeny of Kelp Gull (Larus dominicanus)
2012 Co-supervisor - Walter Sonius - 3D MORPHOMETRICS OF GASTROPOD SHELL ONTOGENY (GENUS OPISTHOSTOMA)
2012 Co-supervisor - Ralph Werring - Herbivore insecten op de Amerikaanse vogelkers (Prunus serotina)
2012 Co-supervisor - Robin van der Ven - Herbivore insecten op de Amerikaanse vogelkers (Prunus serotina)
2012 Co-supervisor - Nils Sosef - Herbivore insecten op de Amerikaanse vogelkers (Prunus serotina)
2011 Supervisor - Devi van der Horst - Ontwikkeling van kweektechnieken voor Cholevidae
2011 Supervisor - Nils Beveridge - Host-shift and enemy-free space of herbivorous insects on exotic plants
2011 Co-supervisor - Frida Feijen - An Introduction to Phylogenetic Studies on Diopsidae (Diptera)
2010 Supervisor - Devi van der Horst - DNA-barcoding van Nederlandse Cholevidae ten behoeve van forensische entomologie
2010 Supervisor - Jessy Dommershuijzen - DNA-barcoding van Nederlandse Cholevidae ten behoeve van forensische entomologie
2010 Supervisor - Dwayne van der Klugt - Adaptive Host ­Shift in Fruit Flies (Rhagoletis cerasi & R. alternata, Diptera: Tephritidae) on exotic plants
2009 Supervisor - Remco Schipper - De successie van Cholevidae op kadavers
2009 Supervisor - Joyce van der Steen - De successie van Cholevidae op kadavers
2009 Supervisor - Melanie Meijer zu Schlochtern - De evolutie van asymmetrie en chiraliteit bij de mannelijke genitaliën van Sciodrepoides (Coleoptera: Cholevidae)

Supervision MSc Students

2014 Supervisor - P.A.J. Bakker - Evolution and diversification in euconulid-shaped snails
2014 Supervisor - Sipman, I.E., - Right-handed snails and Left-handed crabs (or vice versa)
2012 Supervisor - Paulien de Jong - MOLECULAR PHYLOGENETICS OF CHOLEVINI (COLEOPTERA: LEIODIDAE: CHOLEVINAE) AND THE DISTRIBUTION OF GENITAL ASYMMETRY
2012 Supervisor - Tamara Hoogenboom - Evolution of asymmetric genitalia in Cholevini
2012 Supervisor - Rick van Beek - A search for asymmetry: a morphological analysis on the genitalia of Cholevini (Leiodidae: Cholevinae)
2012 Co-supervisor - Nikita van Zeijl - Heat islands and snails in big cities
2011 Supervisor - Els Baalbergen - Larvae of Drilini (Coleoptera: Elateridae) beetles preying on snails
2011 Supervisor - Renate Helwerda - Predation on Greek Albinaria (Pulmonata: Clausiliidae) as a possible driver of shell evolution
2011 Supervisor - Rense Schelfhorst - Natural selection on shell traits in Albinaria, driven by predators
2011 Co-supervisor - Annebelle Kok - Shell growth and development in two Opisthostoma species
2011 Supervisor - Sigrid Hendrikse - Differences between dextral and sinistral individuals of the tropical land snail Amphidromus inversus
2011 Supervisor - Youri Lammers - Rare alleles increase genome-wide in a hybrid zone
2010 Supervisor - Rik Lievers - DNA‐Barcoding and Web‐Based Taxonomy for Cholevinae (Coleoptera: Leiodidae)
2010 Co-supervisor - Irma Valera - Phenotypic plasticity, genetic assimilation and the evolution of annualism in Rivulidae
2010 Co-supervisor - Marian van Hulsel - BOSTRYX AND SCUTALUS IN PERU Comparing habitat for different morphologies
2010 Co-supervisor - Nienke Vastenhout - Systematics and biogeography of Avakubia (Gastropoda; Streptaxidae)
2010 Co-supervisor - Hidde Zemel - evolution of insect host-races specialized on Japan-derived invasive plants in Europe and vice versa in Japan
2010 Supervisor - Nicole Webster - Phylogenetic reconstruction and shell evolution of the Diplommatinidae (Gastropoda: Caenogastropoda)
2010 Supervisor - Paul Hoekstra - Phylogenetic relationships between isolated populations of the limestone-dwelling microsnail Gyliotrachela hungerfordiana (Gastropoda: Vertiginidae)
2009 Supervisor - Nicole Webster - Phylogenetic Reconstruction and Shell Evolution of the Subfamily Diplommatininae (Gastropoda: Caenogastropoda: Diplommatinidae)
Available student projects

Publications

2015

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Kundrata R., Baalbergen E., Bocak L., Schilthuizen M. 2015. The origin and diversity of Drilus Olivier, 1790 (Elateridae: Agrypninae: Drilini) in Crete based on mitochondrial phylogeny. 13: 52-75.
Go to website (DOI)

2014

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Haelewaters D., Schilthuizen M., Pfister D.H. 2014. On Diphymyces (Laboulbeniales, Ascomycota) in Malaysian Borneo. Plant Ecology and Evolution 147: 93-100.
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Schilthuizen M., Kellermann V. 2014. Contemporary climate change and terrestrial invertebrates: evolutionary versus plastic changes. Evolutionary Applications 7: 56-67.
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Baalbergen E., Helwerda R., Schelfhorst R., Cajas R.F. Castillo, Moorsel C.H.M. van, Kundrata R., Welter-Schultes F.W., Giokas S., Schilthuizen M. 2014. Predator-prey interactions between shell-boring beetle larvae and rock-dwelling land snails. PLOS ONE 9: e100366.
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Santos Pimenta L.P., Schilthuizen M., Verpoorte R., Choi Y.H. 2014. Quantitative analysis of amygdalin and prunasin in Prunus serotina Ehrh. using H-1-NMR spectroscopy. Phytochemical Analysis 25: 122-126.
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Kappes H., Schilthuizen M. 2014. Habitat effects on slug assemblages and introduced species. Journal of Molluscan Studies 80: 47-54.
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Liew T.-S., Vermeulen J.J., Marzuki M.E. bin, Schilthuizen M. 2014. A cybertaxonomic revision of the micro-landsnail genus Plectostoma Adam (Mollusca, Caenogastropoda, Diplommatinidae), from Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra and Indochina. ZooKeys 393: 1-107.
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Capinha C., Vermeulen J.J., Lakim M. bin, Schilthuizen M., Kappes H. 2014. Susceptibility of tropical mountain forests to biological invasions from the temperate and subtropical zone, exemplified by Zonitoides snails (Gastropoda: Gastrodontidae). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 62: 600-609.
Go to website (URI)

Kundrata R., Baalbergen E., Bocak L., Schilthuizen M. 2014. The origin and diversity of Drilus Olivier, 1790 (Elateridae: Agrypninae: Drilini) in Crete based on mitochondrial phylogeny. Systematics and Biodiversity 13: 52-75.
Go to website (DOI)

Helwerda R.A., Schilthuizen M. 2014. Predation on Greek Albinaria (Pulmonata: Clausiliidae) by Poiretia (Pulmonata: Oleacinidae) and by an unknown organism making circular holes: possible drivers of shell evolution. Journal of Molluscan Studies 80: 272-279.
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Liew T.S., Kok A.C.M., Schilthuizen M., Urdy S. 2014. On growth and form of irregular coiled-shell of a terrestrial snail: Plectostoma concinnum (Fulton, 1901) (Mollusca: Caenogastropoda: Diplommatinidae). PeerJ 2: e383.
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Journals non-SCI, peer-reviewed

Miller J.A., Schilthuizen M., Lilliendahl Burmester J., Graaf L. van der, Merckx V., Jocqué M., Kessler P.J.A., Fayle T.M., Breeschoten T., Broeren R., Bouman R., Chua W.-J., Feijen F., Fermont T., Groen K., Groen M., Kil N.J.C., Laat H.A. de, Moerland M.S., Moncoquet C., Panjang E., Philip A.J., Roca-Eriksen R., Rooduijn B., Santen M. van, Swakman V., Evans M.N., Evans L.J., Love K., Joscelyne S.H., Tober A.V., Wilson H.F., Ambu L.N., Goossens B. 2014. Dispatch from the field: ecology of ground-web-building spiders with description of a new species (Araneae, Symphytognathidae). Biodiversity Data Journal 2: 1-13.
Go to website (URI)

Liew T.S., Schilthuizen M. 2014. Association between shell morphology of micro-land snails (genus Plectostoma) and their predator’s predatory behaviour. PeerJ 2: 1e329.

Authored books

Schilthuizen M. 2014. Darwins Peep Show. Atlas Contact,

Schilthuizen M. 2014. Nature's Nether Regions: What the Sex Lives of Bugs, Birds, and Beasts Tell Us About Evolution, Biodiversity, and Ourselves. 256 p. Viking Adult, ISBN 9780670785919 |.

2013

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Schilthuizen M., Lammers Y. 2013. Hybrid zones, barrier loci and the 'rare allele phenomenon'. JOURNAL OF EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY 26: 288-290.
Go to website (DOI)

Schilthuizen M. 2013. Something gone awry: unsolved mysteries in the evolution of asymmetric animal genitalia. ANIMAL BIOLOGY 63: 1-20.
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Schilthuizen M. 2013. Rapid, habitat-related evolution of land snail colour morphs on reclaimed land. HEREDITY 110: 247-252.
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Breeschoten T., Clark D.R., Schilthuizen M. 2013. Evolutionary patterns of asymmetric genitalia in the beetle tribe Cyclocephalini (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae). CONTRIBUTIONS TO ZOOLOGY 82: 95-106.

Semenov A.V., Elsas J.D. van, Glandorf D.C.M., Schilthuizen M., Boer W.F. de 2013. The use of statistical tools in field testing of putative effects of genetically modified plants on nontarget organisms. ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION 3: 2739-2750.
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Schilthuizen M., Liew T.-S., Liew T.-H., Berlin P., King J.P., Lakim M. 2013. Species diversity patterns in insular land snail communities of Borneo. JOURNAL OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY 170: 539-545.
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Koene J.M., Liew T.S., Montagne-Wajer K., Schilthuizen M. 2013. A syringe-like love dart injects male accessory gland products in a tropical hermaphrodite. PloS one 8: e69968.
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2012

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Schilthuizen M., Gravendeel B. 2012. Left-right asymmetry in plants and animals: a gold mine for research. CONTRIBUTIONS TO ZOOLOGY 81: 75-78.

Schilthuizen M., Rutten E.M.J., Haase M. 2012. Small-scale genetic structuring in a tropical cave snail and admixture with its above-ground sister species. BIOLOGICAL JOURNAL OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY 105: 727-740.
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Ozgo M., Schilthuizen M. 2012. Evolutionary change in Cepaea nemoralis shell colour over 43 years. GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY 18: 74-81.
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Butlin R., Debelle A., Kerth C., Snook R.R., Beukeboom L.W., Cajas R.F.C., Diao W., Maan M.E., Paolucci S., Weissing F.J., Zande L. van de, Hoikkala A., Geuverink E., Jennings J., Kankare M., Knott K.E., Tyukmaeva V.I., Zoumadakis C., Ritchie M.G., Barker D., Immonen E., Kirkpatrick M., Noor M., Macias G.C., Schmitt T., Schilthuizen M. 2012. What do we need to know about speciation?. TRENDS IN ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION 27: 27-39.
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Schilthuizen M., Haase M., Koops K., Looijestijn S.M., Hendrikse S. 2012. The ecology of shell shape difference in chirally dimorphic snails. CONTRIBUTIONS TO ZOOLOGY 81: 95-101.

Groenenberg D.S.J., Pirovano W., Gittenberger E., Schilthuizen M. 2012. The complete mitogenome of Cylindrus obtusus (Helicidae, Ariantinae) using Illumina next generation sequencing. BMC GENOMICS 13: 114.
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Schilthuizen M. 2012. Contemporary evolution Scrutinising snail shells. HEREDITY 108: 364-365.
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Webster N.B., Dooren T.J.M. van, Schilthuizen M. 2012. Phylogenetic reconstruction and shell evolution of the Diplommatinidae (Gastropoda: Caenogastropoda). MOLECULAR PHYLOGENETICS AND EVOLUTION 63: 625-638.
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Journals non-SCI, peer-reviewed

Meijer K., Smit C., Beukeboom L.W., Schilthuizen M. 2012. Native insects on non-native plants in The Netherlands: curiosities or common practice?. Entomologische Berichten 72: 288-293.

2011

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Schilthuizen M., Heuven B.-J. van 2011. Dextral and sinistral Amphidromus inversus (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Camaenidae) produce dextral sperm. ZOOMORPHOLOGY 130: 283-287.
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Hoekstra P., Schilthuizen M. 2011. Phylogenetic relationships between isolated populations of the limestone-dwelling microsnail Gyliotrachela hungerfordiana (Gastropoda: Vertiginidae). JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGICAL SYSTEMATICS AND EVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH 49: 266-272.
Go to website (DOI)

Silvertown J., Cook L., Cameron R., Dodd M., McConway K., Worthington J., Skelton P., Anton C., Bossdorf O., Baur B., Schilthuizen M., Fontaine B., Sattmann H., Bertorelle G., Correia M., Oliveira C., Pokryszko B., Ozgo M., Stalazas A., Gill E., Rammul U., Solymos P., Feher Z., Juan X. 2011. Citizen Science Reveals Unexpected Continental-Scale Evolutionary Change in a Model Organism. PLOS ONE 6: e18927.
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Schilthuizen M. 2011. Lopsided love. NEW SCIENTIST 210: 42-45.

Schilthuizen M., Giesbers M.C.W.G., Beukeboom L.W. 2011. Haldane's rule in the 21st century. HEREDITY 107: 95-102.
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Schilthuizen M., Scholte C., Wijk R.E.J. van, Dommershuijzen J., Horst D. van der, Schlochtern M.M.Z., Lievers R., Groenenberg D.S.J. 2011. Using DNA-barcoding to make the necrobiont beetle family Cholevidae accessible for forensic entomology. FORENSIC SCIENCE INTERNATIONAL 210: 91-95.
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Schilthuizen M. 2011. Community ecology of tropical forest snails: 30 years after Solem. CONTRIBUTIONS TO ZOOLOGY 80: 1-15.

Hoekstra P., Schilthuizen M. 2011. Phylogenetic relationships between isolated populations of the limestone-dwelling microsnail Gyliotrachela hungerfordiana (Gastropoda: Vertiginidae). Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 49: 266-272.
Go to website (URI)

2010

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Schilthuizen M., Haase M. 2010. Disentangling true shape differences and experimenter bias: are dextral and sinistral snail shells exact mirror images?. JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY 282: 191-200.
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Liew T.S., Schilthuizen M., Lakim M. 2010. The determinants of land snail diversity along a tropical elevational gradient: insularity, geometry and niches. JOURNAL OF BIOGEOGRAPHY 37: 1071-1078.
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Schilthuizen M., Raes N., Linder P., Triantis K., Fernandez-Palacios J.M., Whittaker R.J. 2010. Special Issue: Evolutionary Islands - 150 Years After Darwin. JOURNAL OF BIOGEOGRAPHY 37: 983-983.
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Journals non-SCI, peer-reviewed

Breure A.S.H., Groenenberg D.S.J., Schilthuizen M. 2010. New insights in the phylogenetic relations within the Orthalicoidea (Gastropoda, Stylommatophora) based on 28S sequence data. Basteria 74: 25-31.

Authored books

Schilthuizen M. 2010. Waarom zijn er zoveel soorten?. KNNV Uitgeverij,

2009

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Liew T.S., Schilthuizen M., Vermeulen J.J. 2009. Systematic revision of the genus Everettia Godwin-Austen, 1891 (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Dyakiidae) in Sabah, northern Borneo. ZOOLOGICAL JOURNAL OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY 157: 515-550.
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Sheldon F.H., Lim H.C., Nais J., Lakim M., Tuuga A., Malim P., Majuakim J., Lo A., Schilthuizen M., Hosner P.A., Moyle R.G. 2009. Observations on the ecology, distribution and biogeography of forest birds in Sabah, Malaysia. RAFFLES BULLETIN OF ZOOLOGY 57: 577-586.

Schilthuizen M., Looijestijn S. 2009. The sexology of the chirally dimorphic snail species Amphidromus inversus (Gastropoda: Camaenidae). MALACOLOGIA 51: 379-387.

Journals non-SCI, peer-reviewed

Schilthuizen M., Liew T.S. 2009. The slugs and semislugs of Sabah, Malaysian Borneo (Gastropoda, Pulmonata: Veronicellidae, Rathouisiidae, Ariophantidae, Limacidae, Philomycidae). Basteria 72: 287-306.

2008

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Liew T.S., Clements R., Schilthuizen M. 2008. Sampling micromolluscs in tropical forests: one size does not fit all. MICROMOLLUSCS: METHODOLOGICAL CHALLENGES - EXCITING RESULTS 1: 271-280.

Clements Re., Liew T.-S., Vermeulen J.Jan, Schilthuizen M. 2008. Further twists in gastropod shell evolution. BIOLOGY LETTERS 4: 179-182.
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Schilthuizen M. 2008. A parasitic moment - Menno Schilthuizen of the University of Malaysia Sabah replies. NATURAL HISTORY 117: 58-58.

Gomes S.R., Picanco J.B., Schilthuizen M., Thome J.W. 2008. Valiguna flava (Heynemann, 1885) from Indonesia and Malaysia: Redescription and comparison with Valiguna siamensis (Martens, 1867) (Gastropoda : Soleolifera : Veronicellidae). VELIGER 50: 163-170.

Clements R., Ng P.K.L., Lu X.X., Ambu S., Schilthuizen M., Bradshaw C.J.A. 2008. Using biogeographical patterns of endemic land snails to improve conservation planning for limestone karsts. BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION 141: 2751-2764.
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Authored books

Schilthuizen M. 2008. The Loom of Life: Unravelling Ecosystems. Springer Verlag,

2007

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Schilthuizen M., Craze P.G., Cabanban A.S., Davison A., Stone J., Gittenberger E., Scott B.J. 2007. Sexual selection maintains whole-body chiral dimorphism in snails. JOURNAL OF EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY 20: 1941-1949.
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Haase M., Schilthuizen M. 2007. A new Georissa (Gastropoda : Neritopsina : Hydrocenidae) from a limestone cave in Malaysian Borneo. JOURNAL OF MOLLUSCAN STUDIES 73: 215-221.
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Benedick S., White T.A., Searle J.B., Hamer K.C., Mustaffa N., Vun Khen C., Mohamed M., Schilthuizen M., Hill J.K. 2007. Impacts of habitat fragmentation on genetic diversity in a tropical forest butterfly on Borneo. JOURNAL OF TROPICAL ECOLOGY 23: 623-634.
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Blakemore R.J., Csuzdi C., Ito M.T., Kaneko N., Kawaguchi T., Schilthuizen M. 2007. Taxonomic status and ecology of Oriental Pheretima darnleiensis (Fletcher, 1886) and other earthworms (Oligochaeta : Megascolecidae) from Mt Kinabalu, Borneo. ZOOTAXA 1613: 23-44.

2006

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Schilthuizen M., Til A. van, Salverda M., Liew T.-S., James S., Elahan B. bin, Vermeulen J.J. 2006. Microgeographic evolution of snail shell shape and predator behavior. EVOLUTION 60: 1851-1858.

Benedick S., Hill J.K., Mustaffa N., Chey V.K., Maryati M., Searle J.B., Schilthuizen M., Hamer K.C. 2006. Impacts of rain forest fragmentation on butterflies in northern Borneo: species richness, turnover and the value of small fragments. JOURNAL OF APPLIED ECOLOGY 43: 967-977.
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Craze P.G., Elahan B., Schilthuizen M. 2006. Opposite shell-coiling morphs of the tropical land snail Amphidromus martensi show no spatial-scale effects. ECOGRAPHY 29: 941-941.

Clements R., Sodhi N.S., Schilthuizen M., Ng P.K.L. 2006. Limestone karsts of southeast Asia: Imperiled arks of biodiversity. BIOSCIENCE 56: 733-742.

Weerd D.R. uit de, Groenenberg D.S.J., Schilthuizen M., Gittenberger E. 2006. Reproductive character displacement by inversion of coiling in clausiliid snails (Gastropoda, Pulmonata). BIOLOGICAL JOURNAL OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY 88: 155-164.

2005

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Schilthuizen M. 2005. The darting game in snails and slugs. TRENDS IN ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION 20: 581-584.
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Charlat S., Hornett E.A., Dyson E.A., Ho P.P.Y., Loc N.T., Schilthuizen M., Davies N., Roderick G.K., Hurst G.D.D. 2005. Prevalence and penetrance variation of male-killing Wolbachia across Indo-Pacific populations of the butterfly Hypolimnas bolina. MOLECULAR ECOLOGY 14: 3525-3530.
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Schilthuizen M., Liew T.S., Elahan B. bin, Lackman-Ancrenaz I. 2005. Effects of karst forest degradation on pulmonate and prosobranch land snail communities in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. CONSERVATION BIOLOGY 19: 949-954.

Schilthuizen M., Cabanban A.S., Haase M. 2005. Possible speciation with gene flow in tropical cave snails. JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGICAL SYSTEMATICS AND EVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH 43: 133-138.
Go to website (DOI)

Moyle R.G., Schilthuizen M., Rahman M.A., Sheldon F.H. 2005. Molecular phylogenetic analysis of the white-crowned forktail Enicurus leschenaulti in Borneo. JOURNAL OF AVIAN BIOLOGY 36: 96-101.

Schilthuizen M., Scott B.J., Cabanban A.S., Craze P.G. 2005. Population structure and coil dimorphism in a tropical land snail. HEREDITY 95: 216-220.
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Schilthuizen M., Davison A. 2005. The convoluted evolution of snail chirality. NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN 92: 504-515.
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2004

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Schilthuizen, M., Hoekstra, R.F., Gittenberger, E. 2004. Hybridization, rare alleles and adaptive radiation. TRENDS IN ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION 19: 404-405.

Schilthuizen M., Gutteling E., Moorsel C.H.M. van, Welter-Schultes F.W., Haase M., Gittenberger E. 2004. Phylogeography of the land snail Albinaria hippolyti (Pulmonata : Clausiliidae) from Crete, inferred from ITS-1 sequences. BIOLOGICAL JOURNAL OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY 83: 317-326.

2003

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Schilthuizen M. 2003. Sexual selection on land snail shell ornamentation: a hypothesis that may explain shell diversity. BMC EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY 3: 13.

Schilthuizen M., Chai H.N., Kimsin T.E., Vermeulen J.J. 2003. Abundance and diversity of land-snails (Mollusca : Gastropoda) on limestone hills in Borneo. RAFFLES BULLETIN OF ZOOLOGY 51: 35-42.

2002

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Schilthuizen M. 2002. What evolution is. SCIENCE 295: 50-50.

Schilthuizen M., Teravainen M.I.F., Faezamoltha N., Tawith K., Ibrahim H., Chea S.M., Chuan C.P., Daim L.J., Jubaidi A., Madjapuni M.J., Sabeki M., Mokhtar A. 2002. Microsnails at microscales in Borneo: Distributions of Prosobranchia versus Pulmonata. JOURNAL OF MOLLUSCAN STUDIES 68: 255-258.

Schilthuizen M. 2002. Mollusca: an evolutionary Cornucopia. TRENDS IN ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION 17: 8-9.

Schilthuizen M. 2002. Caution: Species crossing. NATURAL HISTORY 111: 62-71.

Schilthuizen M. 2002. The unselfish genome - The case for cooperating genes. NATURAL HISTORY 111: 68-69.

2001

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Schilthuizen M., Rutjes H.A. 2001. Land snail diversity in a square kilometre of tropical rainforest in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. JOURNAL OF MOLLUSCAN STUDIES 67: 417-423.

Schilthuizen M., Hoekstra R.F., Gittenberger E. 2001. The 'rare allele phenomenon' in a ribosomal spacer. MOLECULAR ECOLOGY 10: 1341-1345.

2000

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Schilthuizen M. 2000. Dualism and conflicts in understanding speciation. BIOESSAYS 22: 1134-1141.

Schilthuizen M. 2000. Bimodal hybrid zones and the scale of a snail. TRENDS IN ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION 15: 469-469.

Schilthuizen M. 2000. Ecotone: speciation-prone. TRENDS IN ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION 15: 130-131.

1999

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Schilthuizen M., Vermeulen J.J., Davison G.W.H., Gittenberger E. 1999. Population structure in a snail species from isolated Malaysian limestone hills, inferred from ribosomal DNA sequences. MALACOLOGIA 41: 283-296.

Schilthuizen M., Hoekstra R.F., Gittenberger E. 1999. Selective increase of a rare haplotype in a land snail hybrid zone. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 266: 2181-2185.

Schilthuizen M. 1999. Synchronised sex - How a jolt to the body clock can drive evolution. NEW SCIENTIST 161: 15-15.

Schilthuizen M. 1999. Cloning Odysseus and the seed of speciation. TRENDS IN ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION 14: 90-91.

1998

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Schilthuizen M., Stouthamer R. 1998. Distribution of Wolbachia among the guild associated with the parthenogenetic gall wasp Diplolepis rosae. HEREDITY 81: 270-274.

Hurst G.D.D., Schilthuizen M. 1998. Selfish genetic elements and speciation. HEREDITY 80: 2-8.

Schilthuizen M., Nordlander G., Stouthamer R., Alphen J.J.M. van 1998. Morphological and molecular phylogenetics in the genus Leptopilina (Hymenoptera : Cynipoidea : Eucoilidae). SYSTEMATIC ENTOMOLOGY 23: 253-264.

Schilthuizen M., Honda J., Stouthamer R. 1998. Parthenogenesis-inducing Wolbachia in Trichogramma kaykai (Hymenoptera : Trichogrammatidae) originates from a single infection. ANNALS OF THE ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA 91: 410-414.

Jochemsen P., Schilthuizen M., Stouthamer R. 1998. Transmission of Wolbachia between Trichogramma species and their lepidopteran hosts?. PROCEEDINGS OF THE SECTION EXPERIMENTAL AND APPLIED ENTOMOLOGY OF THE NETHERLANDS ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY (NEV) 9: 131-136.

Schilthuizen M., Gittenberger E. 1998. Screening mollusks for Wolbachia infection. JOURNAL OF INVERTEBRATE PATHOLOGY 71: 268-270.

1997

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Schilthuizen M., Stouthamer R. 1997. Horizontal transmission of parthenogenesis-inducing microbes in Trichogramma wasps. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 264: 361-366.

1996

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Kan F.J.P.M. van, Silva I.M.M.S., Schilthuizen M., Pinto J.D., Stouthamer R. 1996. Use of DNA-based methods for the identification of minute wasps of the genus Trichogramma. PROCEEDINGS OF THE SECTION EXPERIMENTAL AND APPLIED ENTOMOLOGY OF THE NETHERLANDS ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY (N.E.V.), VOL 7, 1996 7: 233-237.

1995

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Schilthuizen M. 1995. A comparative study of hybrid zones in the polytypic land snail Albinaria hippolyti (Gastropoda Pulmonata: Clausiliidae). NETHERLANDS JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY 45: 261-290.

Schilthuizen M., Gittenberger E., Gultyaev A.P. 1995. Phylogenetic relationships inferred from the sequence and secondary structure of ITS1 rRNA in Albinaria and putative Isabellaria species (Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Clausiliidae). MOLECULAR PHYLOGENETICS AND EVOLUTION 4: 457-462.

Schilthuizen M., Lombaerts M. 1995. Life on the edge - A hybrid zone in Albinaria hippolyti (Gastropoda, Clausiliidae) from Crete. BIOLOGICAL JOURNAL OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY 54: 111-138.

1994

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Schilthuizen M., Lombaerts M. 1994. Population structure and levels of gene flow in the Mediterranean and snail Albinaria corrugata (Pulmonata, Clausiliidae). EVOLUTION 48: 577-586.

Schilthuizen M., Gittenberger E. 1994. Parallel evolution of an sAat-hybrizyme in hybrid zones in Albinaria hippolyti (Boettger). HEREDITY 73: 244-248.

Schilthuizen M. 1994. Reproductive isolation in snails of the genus Albinaria (Gastropoda, Clausiliidae). BIOLOGICAL JOURNAL OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY 52: 317-324.

Huis A. van, Arendse P.W., Schilthuizen M., Wiegers P.P., Heering H., Hulshof M., Kaashoek N.K. 1994. Uscana lariophaga, egg parasitoid of bruchid beetle storage pests of cowpea in West-Africa - the effect of temperature and humidity. ENTOMOLOGIA EXPERIMENTALIS ET APPLICATA 70: 41-53.

1992

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Schilthuizen M. 1992. Allozyme variation in Cretan Albinaria (Gastropoda Pulmonata: Clausiliidae). BELGIAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY 125: 306-309.


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