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KD Dijkstra

Dr. Klaas-Douwe B. Dijkstra ― Freshwater Biodiversity and Odonata


Email: kd.dijkstra@naturalis.nl
Phone: +31 (0)71-75 17 330
Room number: A004, Darwinweg 4
“The beauty of dragonflies gives threatened freshwaters a face, their sensitivity a gauge.”

Every lake or river is like an island in a sea of land, and so each species community develops in isolation, leading to unique biodiversity: while freshwaters cover only 1% of Earth, they harbor 10% of known animal species, over 80% of which are insects like dragonflies. As each water body is like an island, a single impact (e.g. dam or mine spill) can wipe out an irreplaceable ecosystem. Freshwater is thus our most threatened environment: 32% of species are thought to be at risk of extinction compared with 24% on land.

Expanding expertise of emerging flagship groups opens new frontiers in the research, conservation and appreciation of nature. Dragonflies and damselflies are underused to enhance biodiversity knowledge and awareness despite their broad potential and appeal: their beauty gives threatened freshwaters a face, their sensitivity a gauge. My expertise and network are built on a long-term and multi-purpose focus on these insects. Nature, natural history and the archives they form together are all under pressure: now is the time to explore, document and understand biodiversity.

My mission is to make dragonflies ‘the new birds’: the first insect order to break 'the vertebrate frontier' and attain universal familiarity and application in science, conservation, and public interest. 



Key activities and achievements include:

We are developing Odonata for freshwater assessment across Africa while training local researchers with support of the JRS Biodiversity Foundation, providing free access to the biotic value, ecology, distribution and identification of all 770 species via ADDO African Dragonflies & Damselflies Online. Data extent and detail may well be unsurpassed by any insect and most animal groups. AFRESH1, the first African Freshwater Entomology Workshop, at Midmar in South Africa in February 2016 hosted 69 aquatic entomologists representing 21 African countries. The Midmar Memorandum identifies priorities for freshwater biodiversity research and conservation in Africa.

I spent over 1000 field days in 20 African countries to obtain material and 4260 barcode sequences of 585 species and named 78 as new, of which 60 new dragonfly species in one paper, the greatest number of Odonata at once in about a century, adding 1 to every 12 known in Africa. None are cryptic!

Odonata and the unprecedented African dataset offer great potential for evolutionary and global change research, as most groups applied in conservation and research poorly represent the most dense, threatened and responsive biodiversity: tied to water, but able to fly. No birds or butterflies are born from water, no frogs or fish are airborne, but dragonflies are both!

The first synthesis of aquatic insect diversity evolution for Annual Review of Entomology provides a blueprint for further study of ‘freshwater fliers’. I also led the first globally agreed classification of Odonata and most complete molecular phylogeny to date with the Damselfly Workers at Naturalis (DAWN).

I authored the European dragonfly field guide in 2006, which has become the most successful publication on Odonata to date with 35,000 copies in five languages, and in 2014 published the handbook of eastern African dragonflies, the order's first species-level treatise for a tropical continent. 

As a long-time member of the IUCN Dragonfly Specialist Group, I contributed to the first global estimate of extinction risk in insects, as well as the first complete Red List for a tropical continent. The latter rests on my 45 taxonomic and faunistic publications of African Odonata.

full CV and publication list


Research interest

Parallel to the genomic era of comprehensive organismal data, we live in a biotic age in which exhaustive geographic, ecological and genetic data allow us to analyze complete biota. Freshwater may have the most dense and most sensitive species richness on the planet and Africa is the most changeable tropical continent. Dragonflies and damselflies are known well enough to assess the evolutionary impact of past environmental change, and to predict and monitor future changes for conservation, from community to continental and even global scales.

What can the rise and survival of the thousands of Odonata species say about the origin and future of biodiversity? How can this knowledge and these species be applied in conservation? And how can the species be identified?

The best-known tropical insect order?


Knowledge of African Odonata is unparalleled in geographic breadth, genetic resolution and ecological detail. The maps show species diversity (colours) and distribution of 127,000 available records (all symbols). I described 10% and recorded 80% of all 770 species (dark symbols), obtained over 5000 molecular samples, and revised all 500 (65%) for the eastern African handbook (grey). Species’ habitats can be inferred from niche models (e.g. altitude, rainfall) and 27 attributes (e.g. shade, flow, substrate) obtained from experts’ field experience; extinction risks were estimated using IUCN Red List criteria.


damselflies, dragonflies, odonata

Current research topics

Odonata are rather uniform in reproductive and feeding ecology, but vary greatly in their sensitivity to environmental impacts. Africa’s geographic template is extensive but barely divided, yet while Odonata seem unlimited in their potential to disperse and interbreed, the species are great in number. Data on the distribution, habitat requirements, genetic diversity, evolutionary relationships and morphology is accessible for all 770 African species (see above). This allows the first quantification of the net effect of environmental, ecological and evolutionary forces at such an extent and detail, on such responsive biodiversity, and across such a dynamic continent. This is of great interest in the context of both human evolution and man-made change: while landscapes are still relatively pristine in Africa, economic and population growth is also unrivalled, and further impacts will be greater here than anywhere else, the unpredictable climate becoming even more extreme.


Phylogenetic exploration of 75% of 670 genera at Naturalis and with Prof Michael May and Dr Jessica Ware (Rutgers, New Jersey) will be combined with an anchored hybrid enrichment approach of at least 500 genes and transcriptome data for over 80 taxa with Prof Seth Bybee (Brigham Young, Utah) to obtain a global phylogenetic backbone for color (vision) evolution in Odonata.

The JRS Biodiversity Foundation project that includes the African Dragonfly Biotic Index (ADBI), African Dragonflies and Damselflies Online (ADDO) and the African Freshwater Entomology Workshops (AFRESH) are a collaboration with Prof Michael Samways (Stellenbosch), Prof Les Underhill (Cape Town) and Dr Helen James (Rhodes) in South Africa.


I amassed the foremost collection of African Odonata in Leiden and reviewed important historical collections (Tervuren, Bulawayo, Nairobi).

As the former curator of the zoological collection at the University of Suriname (NZCS), I initiated collaboration with Naturalis with development aid from the Dutch Foreign Ministry: we alleviated knowledge poverty on one of the nation’s greatest assets by repatriating biodiversity expertise in the form of collection databases and popular handbooks on butterflies, fish and amphibians.



Invited lecturer at universities from Angola to Taiwan and The Netherlands, and for the Tropical Biology Association in Tanzania, Madagascar and Uganda.

Training and consultancy

Participant of Conservation International’s rapid assessments in DR Congo, Liberia and Ghana, and Congo Biodiversity Initiative’s two-month Congo 2010 expedition.

Conservation consultant to A Rocha, Arcelor Mittal, Birdlife/RSPB, Frankfurt Zoological Society, and Millennium Challenge Corporation.

Available student projects

Public outreach

Sir David's dragonfly (May 2016)


Sir David's birthday surprise in "Attenborough at 90" interview on BBC One

Comment in Nature magazine "Restore our sense of species"

Revision of pintail dragonflies with description of Acisoma attenboroughi


Sixty new dragonfly species from Africa (December 2015)


Meet the new species (PDF with photos) in English or French

Download full publication and press release 

Watch discovery (and an immodest dragonfly) in DR Congo (mini docu)

Umma gumma as one of Top Ten New Species of 2016




De Volkskrant Libellen vangen langs de Congo

Radio interview met NCRV's Casa Luna and presentation PINC.12

Le Vif/L'Express Magazine and Terre Sauvage (both French) on the Congo 2010 expedition


Lead author on 77%, including 36% as sole author. Total citations are 2247, of which 1372 in the last five years, and 551 for best-cited work, the field guide to European Odonata. H-index: 19 (Google Scholar Citations - 29 June 2017). 

Newsletters, presentations and posters are excluded. Titles between square brackets were published in Dutch.

Dragonfly books

The fieldguide to European Odonata in English (sample), French, Dutch, German and Spanish may be the most successful publication on dragonflies to date, with 35,000 copies printed since 2006. A handbook for over 500 species occurring from Sudan through eastern DRC to Mozambique (65% of the African fauna) that appeared in 2014 is the first species-level handbook for a tropical continent. I was also co-editor and co-author of the handbook of Dutch Odonata.



Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & V. Clausnitzer, 2014. The Dragonflies and Damselflies of Eastern Africa: handbook for all Odonata from Sudan to Zimbabwe. Studies in Afrotropical Zoology 298: 1-260.

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & R. Lewington, 2014. Guía de campo de las libélulas de España y de Europa. Ediciones Omega. 1-320. 

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & R. Lewington, 2014. Feldführer für die Libellen Europas. Haupt-Verlag. 1-320.

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & R. Lewington, 2008. Libellen van Europa: veldgids met alle libellen tussen Noordpool en Sahara. Tirion Uitgevers. 1-320. 

Dijkstra, K.-D.B., 2007. Demise and rise: the biogeography and taxonomy of the Odonata of tropical Africa. PhD Thesis, Leiden University. 1-204. [click here to download complete thesis]

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & R. Lewington, 2007. Guide des Libellules de France et d'Europe.Delachaux & Niestle. 1-320.

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & R. Lewington, 2006. Field guide to the Dragonflies of Britain and Europe. British Wildlife Publishing. 1-320.

NVL (Editors: Dijkstra, K.-D.B., V.J. Kalkman, R. Ketelaar & M.J.T. van der Weide), 2002. [The Dutch dragonflies (Odonata)]. Nederlandse Fauna 4. Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum Naturalis, KNNV Uitgeverij & European Invertebrate Survey-Nederland. 1-440. 
Dijkstra, K.-D.B. [Morphology and development]. 11-20.
- Dingemanse, N.J., K.-D.B. Dijkstra, D. Groenendijk & R. Ketelaar. [Phenology]. 21-26.
- Bos, F., K.-D.B. Dijkstra, J.T. Hermans & D. Groenendijk. [Ecology and behaviour]. 27-42.
Dijkstra, K.-D.B. [Diversity and nomenclature]. 43-60.
Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & W.-J. Hoeffnagel. Aeshna grandis. 236-238.
- Delft, J. van & K.-D.B. DijkstraSympetrum flaveolum. 361-364.
Dijkstra, K.-D.B. Sympetrum fonscolombii. 365-368.
- Delft, J. van & K.-D.B. DijkstraSympetrum sanguineum. 374-376.
Dijkstra, K.-D.B. Sympetrum striolatum. 377-379.
Dijkstra, K.-D.B. Sympetrum vulgatum. 380-382.


Dijkstra, K.-D.B. Taxonomy: use the red list as a registry. Nature 546: 599-600.

Kipping, J., V. Clausnitzer, S.R.F. Fernandes Elizalde & K.-D.B. Dijkstra. The dragonflies and damselflies (Odonata) of Angola. African Invertebrates 58: 65-91.


Dijkstra, K.-D.B. Restore our sense of species. Nature 533: 172-174.

Di Domenico, M., K.-D.B. Dijkstra & G. Carchini. Redescription of the larva of Gynacantha cylindrata Karsch (Insecta: Odonata: Aeshnidae). Zootaxa 4078: 78-83.

Mens, L.P., K. Schütte, F.R. Stokvis & K.-D.B. Dijkstra. Six, not two, species of Acisoma pintail dragonfly (Odonata: Libellulidae). Zootaxa 4109: 153-172.


Dijkstra, K.-D.B., N. Mézière & J. Kipping. Sixty new dragonfly and damselfly species from Africa (Odonata). Odonatologica 44: 447-678.

Garrison, R.W., K.-D.B. Dijkstra, M. Hämälainen & R.J. Villanueva. Mitragomphus ganzanus Needham, 1944, a geographically misplaced dragonfly, is a junior synonym of Gomphidia kirschii Selys, 1878 (Odonata: Gomphidae). Zootaxa 3911: 280-286.

Suhling, F., G. Sahlén, S. Gorb, V.J. Kalkman, K-D.B. Dijkstra & J. van Tol. Order Odonata. In: Thorp, J., Rogers, D.C. (Editors). Ecology and General Biology: Thorp and Covich’s Freshwater Invertebrates. Academic Press. 893–932. 


Dijkstra, K.-D.B., M.T. Monaghan & S.U. Pauls. Freshwater Biodiversity and Aquatic Insect Diversification. Annual Review of Entomology 59: 143-163

Dijkstra, K.-D.B., V.J. Kalkman, R.A. Dow, F.R. Stokvis & J. van Tol. Redefining the damselfly families: a comprehensive molecular phylogeny of Zygoptera (Odonata). Systematic Entomology 39: 68-96.

Vilenica, M., & K.-D.B. Dijkstra. The dragonfly (Insecta, Odonata) fauna of the Banovina region, Croatia. Natura Croatica 23: 45-66.


Dijkstra, K.-D.B. Three new genera of damselflies (Odonata: Chlorocyphidae, Platycnemididae). International Journal of Odonatology 16: 269-274.

Dijkstra, K.-D.B., G. Bechly, S.M. Bybee, R.A. Dow, H.J. Dumont, G. Fleck, R.W. Garrison, M. Hämäläinen, V.J. Kalkman, H. Karube, M.L. May, A.G. Orr, D. Paulson, A.C. Rehn, G. Theischinger, J.W.H. Trueman, J. van Tol, N. von Ellenrieder & J. Ware. The classification and diversity of dragonflies and damselflies (Odonata). In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Editor). Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3730: 36-45.

Dijkstra, K.-D.B., & V.J. Kalkman. The ‘African’ genus Argiagrion is a Brazilian Leptagrion species and the ‘Philippine’ Moroagrion a European Pyrrhosoma (Odonata: Coenagrionidae). International Journal of Odonatology 16189-191.

Outomuro, D., K.-D.B. Dijkstra & F. Johansson. Habitat variation and wing coloration affect wing shape evolution in dragonflies. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 26: 1866-1874.

Simaika, J.P., M.J. Samways, J. Kipping, F. Suhling, K.-D.B. Dijkstra, V. Clausnitzer, J.-P. Boudot & S. Domisch. Continental-scale conservation prioritization of African dragonflies. Biological Conservation 157: 245-254.


Clausnitzer, V., K.-D.B. Dijkstra, R. Koch, J.-P. Boudot, W.R.T. Darwall, J. Kipping, B. Samraoui, M.J. Samways, J.P. Simaika & F. Suhling. Focus on African Freshwaters: hotspots of dragonfly diversity and conservation concern. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10: 129-134

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & V.J. Kalkman. Phylogeny, classification and taxonomy of European dragonflies and damselflies (Odonata): a review. Organisms Diversity & Evolution 12: 209-227. 


Clausnitzer, V., K.-D.B. Dijkstra & J. Kipping. Globally threatened dragonflies (Odonata) in Eastern Africa and implications for conservation. Journal of East African Natural History 100: 89-111. 

Darwall, W.R.T., R.A. Holland, K.G. Smith, D.J. Allen, E.G.E. Brooks, V. Katarya, C.M. Pollock, Y. Shi, V. Clausnitzer, N. Cumberlidge, A. Cuttelod, K.-D.B. Dijkstra, M.D. Diop, N. García, M.B. Seddon, P.H. Skelton, J. Snoeks, D. Tweddle & J.-C. Vié. Implications of bias in conservation research and investment for freshwater species. Conservation Letters 4: 474-482. 

Dijkstra, K.-D.B., J.-P. Boudot, V. Clausnitzer, J. Kipping, J.J. Kisakye, S.S. Ogbogu, B. Samraoui, M.J. Samways, K. Schütte, J.P. Simaika, F. Suhling & S. Tchibozo. Dragonflies and Damselflies of Africa (Odonata): History, Diversity, Distribution, and Conservation. In: Darwall, W.R.T., K.G. Smith, D.J. Allen, R.A. Holland, I.J. Harrison & E.G.E. Brooks (Editors). The Diversity of life in African Freshwaters: Under Water, Under Threat. An analysis of the status and distribution of freshwater species throughout mainland Africa.IUCN. 128-177. PDF + references

Dijkstra, K.-D.B., V. Clausnitzer, N. Mézière, J. Kipping & K. Schütte. The status and distribution of dragonflies and damselflies (Odonata) in central Africa. In: Brooks, E.G.E., W.R.T. Darwall & D.J. Allen (Editors). The Status and Distribution of Freshwater Biodiversity in Central Africa. IUCN. 62-76. 


Damm, S., K.-D.B. Dijkstra & H. Hadrys. Red drifters and dark residents: the phylogeny and ecology of a Plio-Pleistocene dragonfly radiation reflects Africa’s changing environment (Odonata, Libellulidae, Trithemis). Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution 54870-882. [or  for PDF]

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & J.-P. Boudot. First update of the Atlas of the Odonata of the Mediterranean and North Africa: Orthetrum machadoi new to the Palaearctic and Agriocnemis sania new to the Egyptian Nile Valley. Libellula 29: 107-125.

Dijkstra, K.-D.B., S.L. Tchibozo & S.S. Ogbogu. The status and distribution of dragonflies and damselflies (Odonata) in western Africa. In: Smith, K.G., M.D. Diop, M. Niane & W.R.T. Darwall (Editors). The Status and Distribution of Freshwater Biodiversity in Western Africa. IUCN. 41-55. PDF


Clausnitzer, V., V.J. Kalkman, M. Ram, B. Collen, J.E.M. Baillie, M. Bedjanič, W.R.T. Darwall,K.-D.B. Dijkstra, R.A. Dow, J. Hawking, H. Karube, E. Malikova, D. Paulson, K. Schütte, F. Suhling, R.J. Villanueva, N. von Ellenrieder & K. Wilson. Odonata enter the biodiversity crisis debate: the first global assessment of an insect group. Biological Conservation 142: 1864-1869

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. Dragonflies and damselflies (Odonata) of the Lower Malagarasi Basin, western Tanzania. In: Malagarasi Aquatic Rapid Biodiversity Assessment. Mott MacDonald. 53-60 (report), 98-104 (appendix). 

Dijkstra, K.-D.B., & N. Matushkina. Kindred spirits: “Brachythemis leucosticta”, Africa’s most familiar dragonfly, consists of two species (Odonata: Libellulidae). International Journal of Odonatology 12: 237-256.

Kipping, J., K.-D.B. Dijkstra, V. Clausnitzer, F. Suhling & K. Schütte. Odonata Database of Africa (ODA). Agrion 13: 20-23. PDF

Ottema, O.H., S. Ramcharan, P. Ouboter, F. Chin-Joe & K.-D.B. Dijkstra. Four bird species new to Surinam. Cotinga 31: 140-141.


Dijkstra, K.-D.B. The Systematist's Muse – two new damselfly species from 'Elisabetha' in the Congo Basin (Odonata: Chlorocyphidae, Platycnemididae). Zoologische Mededelingen 82: 15-27. PDF [the volume commemorates Linnaeus and 250 years of zoological nomenclature]

Kalkman, V.J., V. Clausnitzer, K.-D.B. Dijkstra, A.G. Orr, D.R. Paulson & J. van Tol. Global diversity of dragonflies (Odonata; Insecta) in freshwater. In: Balian, E., C. Lévêque, H. Segers & K. Martens (Editors). Freshwater animal diversity assessment. Hydrobiologia 595: 351-363. PDF


Dijkstra, K.-D.B. Demise and rise: the biogeography and taxonomy of the Odonata of tropical Africa. In: Dijkstra, K.-D.B. (Editor). Demise and rise: the biogeography and taxonomy of the Odonata of tropical Africa. PhD Thesis, Leiden University. 143-187. PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. Dragonflies and damselflies (Odonata) of Lokutu. In: T.M. Butynski & J. McCullough (Editors). A rapid biological assessment of Lokutu, Democratic Republic of CongoRAP Bulletin of biological assessment 46: 21-36. PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. Dragonflies and damselflies (Odonata) of the Atewa Range. In: McCullough, J., L.E. Alonso, P. Naskrecki, H.E. Wright & Y. Osei-Owusu (Editors). A rapid biological assessment of the Atewa Range Forest Reserve, Eastern GhanaRAP Bulletin of biological assessment 47: 50-54 (report), 137-142 (appendix). PDF (full report)[appendix provides a checklist of Ghana's Odonata, including unpublished records]

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. Erratum in ‘A review of continental Afrotropical Ceriagrion (Odonata: Coenagrionidae)’. Journal of Afrotropical Zoology 3: 162-163. PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. Gone with the wind: westward dispersal across the Indian Ocean and island speciation in Hemicordulia dragonflies (Odonata: Corduliidae). Zootaxa 1438: 27-48. PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. Rapid survey of dragonflies and damselflies (Odonata) of North Lorma, Gola and Grebo National Forests, Liberia. In: P. Hoke, R. Demey & A. Peal (Editors). A rapid biological assessment of North Lorma, Gola and Grebo National Forests, LiberiaRAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 44: 25-28 (report), 79-85 (appendix). PDF [appendix provides a checklist of Liberia's and Sierra Leone's Odonata]

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. The name-bearing types of Odonata held in the Natural History Museum of Zimbabwe, with systematic notes on Afrotropical taxa. Part 1: introduction and Anisoptera. International Journal of Odonatology 10: 1-29. PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. The name-bearing types of Odonata held in the Natural History Museum of Zimbabwe, with systematic notes on Afrotropical taxa. Part 2: Zygoptera and descriptions of new species. International Journal of Odonatology 10: 137-170. PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B., V. Clausnitzer & A. Martens. Tropical African Platycnemis damselflies (Odonata: Platycnemididae) and the biogeographical significance of a new species from Pemba Island, Tanzania. Systematics & Biodiversity 5: 187-198. PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B., L.F. Groeneveld, V. Clausnitzer & H. Hadrys. The Pseudagrion split: molecular phylogeny confirms the morphological and ecological dichotomy of Africa’s most diverse genus of Odonata (Coenagrionidae). International Journal of Odonatology 10: 31-41. PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & E.M. Pilgrim. Trithetrum, a new genus of African dragonflies formerly placed in Sympetrum (Odonata, Libellulidae). Journal of Afrotropical Zoology 3: 77-81. PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B., M.J. Samways & J.P. Simaika. Two new relict Syncordulia species found during museum and field studies of threatened dragonflies in the Cape Floristic Region (Odonata: Corduliidae). Zootaxa 1467: 19-34. PDF

Finch, B., T.M. Butynski & K.-D.B. Dijkstra. A rapid survey of the avifauna of Lokutu. In: T.M. Butynski & J. McCullough (Editors). A rapid biological assessment of Lokutu, Democratic Republic of Congo. RAP Bulletin of biological assessment 46: 42-46 (report), 66-81 (appendices).


Buczynski, P., K.-D.B. Dijkstra, R. Mauersberger & M.D. Moroz. Review of the Odonata of Belarus. Odonatologica 35: 1-13. PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. African Diplacodes: the status of the small species and the genusPhilonomon (Odonata: Libellulidae). International Journal of Odonatology 9: 119-132.PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. Taxonomy and biogeography of Porpax, a dragonfly genus centred in the Congo Basin (Odonata, Libellulidae). Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 149: 71-88. PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. The Atoconeura problem revisited: taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of a dragonfly genus in the highlands of Africa (Odonata, Libellulidae). Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 149: 121-144. PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. [The blue-eyed damselfly: why "Cercion" should be called Erythromma lindenii]. Brachytron 8: 20-24. PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & V. Clausnitzer. Thoughts from Africa: how can forest influence species composition, diversity and speciation in tropical Odonata? In: Cordero Rivera, A. (Editor).Forests and dragonflies. Pensoft Publishers. 127-151. PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B., V. Clausnitzer & G.S. Vick. Revision of the three-striped species ofPhyllogomphus (Odonata, Gomphidae). Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 149: 1-14. PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B., F. Suhling & O. Müller. Review of the genus Zygonoides, with the description of the larvae and notes on ‘zygonychine’ Libellulidae (Odonata). Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 149: 275-292. PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & G.S. Vick. Inflation by venation and the bankruptcy of traditional genera: the case of Neodythemis and Micromacromia, with keys to the continental African species and the description of two new Neodythemis species from the Albertine Rift (Odonata: Libellulidae). International Journal of Odonatology 9: 51-70. PDF

Melo, M., R. Covas & K.-D. Dijkstra. First records of Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla for Mozambique. Bulletin of the African Bird Club 13: 80-81.


Clausnitzer, V. & K.-D.B. Dijkstra. The dragonflies (Odonata) of Ethiopia, with notes on the status of endemic taxa and the description of a new species. Entomologische Zeitschrift 115: 117-130. PDF

Clausnitzer, V. & K.-D.B. Dijkstra. Honouring Nobel Peace Prize winner Wangari Maathai:Notogomphus maathaiae spec. nov., a threatened dragonfly of Kenya’s forest streams.International Journal of Odonatology 8: 177-182. PDF + plate

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. The identity of some widespread and variable Phyllomacromia species, with a revised grouping of the genus (Anisoptera: Corduliidae). Odonatologica 34: 11-26.PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. Taxonomy and identification of the continental African Gynacantha andHeliaeschna (Odonata: Aeshnidae). International Journal of Odonatology 8: 1-33. PDF +plate

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. A review of continental Afrotropical Ceriagrion (Odonata: Coenagrionidae).Journal of Afrotropical Zoology 2: 3-14. PDF + erratum

Dijkstra, K.-D.B., A. Branson & R. Lewington. A proposal for European standard names for the Odonata of Europe, Turkey and north-west Africa. Atropos 25: 37-43.

Dijkstra, K.-D.B., J. van Tol, J. Legrand & G. Theischinger. Tramea Hagen, 1861: proposed conservation (Insecta, Odonata). Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 62: 68-71. PDF


Dijkstra, K.-D.B. Comment on the proposed conservation of usage of the specific names ofLibellula aenea Linnaeus, 1758 (currently Cordulia aenea) and L. flavomaculata Vander Linden, 1825 (currently Somatochlora flavomaculata; Insecta, Odonata) by the replacement of the lectotype of L. aenea with a newly designated lectotype. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 61: 110.

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. Dragonflies (Odonata) of Mulanje, Malawi. IDF-Report 6: 23-29. PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. Dragonflies (Odonata) of Mulanje Mountain, Malawi. Nyala 22: 3-8. PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. Odonates. In: Louette, M., D. Meirte & R. Jocqué (Editors). La faune terrestre de l'archipel des ComoresStudies in Afrotropical Zoology 293: 251-252. PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & G. Balyesiima. First record of Orange-cheeked Waxbill Estrilda melpodain East Africa. Scopus 24: 50.

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & V. Clausnitzer. Critical species of Odonata in Madagascar. In: Clausnitzer, V. & R. Jödicke (Editors). Guardians of the Watershed. Global status of dragonflies: critical species, threat and conservation. International Journal of Odonatology7: 219-228. PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & V.J. Kalkman. [An odonatological excursion to the southern Netherlands, half a century later]. Entomologische Berichten 64: 157-161.

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & J.J. Kisakye. Idomacromia jillianae sp. nov. from Uganda (Odonata: Corduliidae). International Journal of Odonatology 7: 459-466. PDF + plate

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & G.S. Vick. Critical species of Odonata in western Africa. In: Clausnitzer, V. & R. Jödicke (Editors). Guardians of the Watershed. Global status of dragonflies: critical species, threat and conservation. International Journal of Odonatology 7: 229-238. PDF

García, G. & K.-D.B. Dijkstra. Odonata collected in the Ankarafantsika Forest, Madagascar.IDF-Report 6: 7-22. PDF

Reinhardt, K. & K.-D.B. Dijkstra. Auf der Jagd nach Libellennamen in Malawi. IDF-Report 6: 31-34. PDF

Tchibozo, S. & K.-D.B. Dijkstra. Rapport d'inventaire préliminaire des libellules des zones humides du Sud-Bénin. IDF-Report 6: 1-6. PDF


Dijkstra, K.-D.B. Fooled by the double: Brachythemis liberiensis is Parazyxomma flavicans, with a note on the Zyxommatini (Odonata: Libellulidae). International Journal of Odonatology 6: 17-21. PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. Problems in Chlorocypha classification: four cases from West Africa and a discussion of the taxonomic pitfalls (Odonata: Chlorocyphidae). International Journal of Odonatology 6: 109-126. PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. A review of the taxonomy of African Odonata: finding ways to better identification and biogeographic insight. Cimbebasia 18: 191-206. PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & J. Lempert. Odonate assemblages of running waters in the Upper Guinean forest. Archiv für Hydrobiologie 157: 397-412. PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B., A. Martens & M.J. Parr. Proceedings of the 1st PHAON Meeting on African Odonata, Gällivare, 26 July 2001, Foreword, African Odonatology: past, present and future.Cimbebasia 18: 161-166. PDF


Dijkstra, K.-D.B. [Gone with the Wind: Dragonflies in the dunes]. In: van der Bent, G., G. van Ommering & R. van Rossum (Editors). [Through the dunes: an exploration from The Hague to Noordwijk]. Van Den Berg Kantoorboekhandel. 185-186.

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. [Watching dragonflies in The Netherlands: Voornes Duin]. Brachytron 6: 16-18. PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. The identity of the West African zygopterans Pseudagrion emarginatum andP. camerunense (Odonata: Coenagrionidae). International Journal of Odonatology 5: 105-110. PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. Odonata (Dragonflies). In: Nagorskaya, L., M. Moroz, T. Laenko, V. Veznovetz, H. Moller Pillot, K.-D.B. Dijkstra & M. Reemer (Editors). Macrofauna in floodplain pools and dead branches of the Pripyat River, Belarus. RIZA werkdocument 2003 155x: 78-84.


Dijkstra, K.-D.B. [Dragonflies in the dunes]. Duin 24: 22-24.

Dijkstra, K.-D.B., A. Cordero Rivera & J.A. Andrés. Repeated predation of Odonata by the hornet Vespa crabro (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). International Journal of Odonatology 4: 17-21. PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & V.J. Kalkman. [An odonatological excursion to the southern Netherlands, half a century later]. Entomologische Berichten 64: 157-161. PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & V.J. Kalkman. Early spring records of Odonata from southern Turkey, with special reference to the sympatric occurrence of Crocothemis erythraea (Brullé) and C. servilia (Drury) (Anisoptera: Libellulidae). Notulae Odonatologicae 5: 85-88. PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & B. Koese. Dragonflies of Pripyat National Park, Belarus (Odonata).Opuscula zoologica fluminensia 192: 1-20. PDF


Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & N.J. Dingemanse. New records of Crocothemis sanguinolenta(Burmeister, 1839) from Israel, with a critical note on the subspecies arabica Schneider, 1982. International Journal of Odonatology 3: 169-171. PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & N.J. Dingemanse. Odonata from Kibale National Park, Western Uganda.Notulae Odonatologicae 5: 72-75. PDF

Kalkman, V.J. & K.-D.B. Dijkstra. The dragonflies of the Bialowieza area, Poland and Belarus (Odonata). Opuscula zoologica fluminensia 185: 1-19. PDF

Before 2000

Evans, D.J. & K.-D.B. Dijkstra, 1993. The birds of Gezira, Egypt. Ornithological Society of the Middle East Bulletin 30: 20-25.

Edelaar, P., K.-D.B. Dijkstra & N.J. Dingemanse, 1996. Hemianax ephippiger: a new dragonfly for The Netherlands (Odonata: Aeshnidae). Entomologische Berichten 56: 192-195. 

Dijkstra, K.-D.B., 1997a. New records of Libellula fulva (Müll.) for Portugal (Anisoptera: Libellulidae). Notulae Odonatologicae 4: 160.

Dijkstra, K.-D.B., 1997b. Striated Heron Butorides striatus breeding in the Egyptian Nile Valley. Sandgrouse 19: 140.

Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & M.J.T. van der Weide, 1997. [The Red-veined Darter (Sympetrum fonscolombii (Sélys)) in The Netherlands in 1996]. Brachytron 1: 16-21. PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B., 1998. [Dragonflies in Berkheide and the Coepelduynen 1995-1997, three years of observation between Katwijk and Wassenaar]. Holland's Duinen 32: 7-28.

Dijkstra, K.-D.B., D. Groenendijk & V.J. Kalkman, 1998. [Odonata of the Dutch St. Pietersberg]. Brachytron 2: 23-27. PDF

Dijkstra, K.-D.B., 1999. [Dragonflies in Berkheide and De Klip 1998]. Holland's Duinen 34: 19-41.

Dijkstra, K.-D.B., K. Mostert, J.-W. van Velzen & R. Witte, 1999. [Recent developments in the dragonfly fauna of the coastal dunes of Holland and Zeeland]. Brachytron 3: 15-29. PDF

Please contact the author when you are interested in one of the articles above and it is not available online or in the repository [Repository].

medialibrary/2015/12/60NewDragonflies_fullsize2.pdf (KD Dijkstra) medialibrary/2016/05/MidmarMemorandum_1.pdf (KD Dijkstra)