Jump to content Jump to navigation

József Geml

Dr. J. (József) Geml, Researcher – Biodiversity Dynamics, Mycology

Contact

Email: jozsef.geml@naturalis.nl
Phone: +31 (0)71-56 87 265
Room number: Vondellaan 55
“We know so little about fungi that we unknowingly trample on hundreds of undiscovered species day by day. ”

Photo by Joris van Alphen

My work gives new insights into their enormous hidden diversity in the Netherlands and in some of the most remote parts of the world.

My motivation for research has always been the desire to explore, document, and conserve the richness of nature, particularly its biological diversity. I have been using cutting-edge, DNA-based methods to study biodiversity at different levels: 1) systematics based on a combined molecular and morphological approach; 2) speciation studies using phylogeography, population genetics, and coalescent methods; 3) DNA-based large-scale biodiversity assessments using soil metagenomics; and 4) spatial partitioning of fungal communities across vegetation types. I acquired two independent Ph.D. degrees, one in Evolutionary Genetics and Plant Pathology at the Pennsylvania State University (U.S.A.) and another in Mycology at the Corvinus University of Budapest (Hungary).

Career

Professional employment

Scientific Researcher (2011-) Naturalis Biodiversity Center, The Netherlands

Assistant Professor (2011-) Leiden University, The Netherlands

Kits van Waveren Foundation Postdoctoral Fellow (2009–2011), National Herbarium of the Netherlands, Leiden University, The Netherlands

University of Alaska Presidential International Polar Year Postdoctoral Fellow (2006–2009), Institute of Arctic biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF), U.S.A.

Postdoctoral Fellow (2004–2006), Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, U.S.A.

Education

Ph.D. in Plant Pathology and Molecular Evolutionary Genetics, Pennsylvania State University (PSU), U.S.A. (2001–2004)
GPA: 4.0 (out of 4.0), summa cum laude (highest distinction)

Ph.D. in Mycology, Corvinus University of Budapest, Hungary (1998–2005)
GPA: 5.0 (out of 5.0), summa cum laude

BSc./MSc. in Agronomy with specialization in Tropical Agriculture and Aquaculture, University of Agricultural Sciences in Gödöllõ, Hungary (1991–1996)
GPA: 4.37 (out of 5.0)

Research

Research interest

Arctic fungi represent a primary research focus for me and I have been working on them for ca. 10 years. The arctic tundra is experiencing significant changes because of present and future climate change. Besides threats to its unique biota, the Arctic contains massive stores of soil carbon (C) that is critically important in global C cycles. Arctic soils are currently changing from being C sink to C source as a result of warming-induced increase in decomposition and atmospheric release of previously frozen C by fungi and other microbes. In addition, fungi, being plant symbionts and decomposers, have an important role in current and future arctic vegetation change that, in turn, feeds back to climate. Yet, fungi have been frequently lumped with other soil microbes into a “black box” in ecological studies, and fungal communities in arctic regions remain largely unknown. With my PhD. students Luis Morgado and Tatiana Semenova, we investigate how arctic fungal community composition correlates with vegetation and what fungal taxa are expected to play roles in vegetation change in response to climatic stress in an NWO-funded project.

Another major research focus of mine are fungi in tropical forests. Tropical forests are not only among the world's most biologically important ecosystems with their tremendous biodiversity and high rate of endemism, but they also provide crucial supplies to human settlements and agricultural areas. Unfortunately, tropical forests are also vulnerable to habitat destruction and climate change, with model-based scenarios predicting substantial decrease in cover in the future. Despite numerous studies on plants and animals, virtually nothing is known about the true diversity and distribution patterns of fungi in these regions. I use next-generation sequencing methods to characterize the fungal communities in these forests with purpose of providing information biodiversity and revealing ecological patterns that can be applied for conservation purposes.

Keywords

phylogeography, metagenomics, bioinformatics, alaska, forest ecology, argentina, dna barcoding, borneo, mushrooms, mycorrhizae, taxonomy, fungi, climate change, arctic, systematics, molecular ecology

Current research topics

Research Projects

  • Biodiversity, habitat partitioning and ecological functions of arctic fungi and their role in vegetation change due to climatic changes.
  • Mycota of the Andean Yungas forests: Assessments of fungal biodiversity and habitat partitioning in a threatened ecosystem.
  • Fungal diversity studies of lowland rainforests and montane cloud forests on Mount Kinabalu, Borneo based on molecular analyses of soil and sporocarp samples.
  • Updating red lists in the era of genomics: coupling soil metagenome sequencing and long-term sporocarp mapping to characterize the mycoflora of the richest biodiversity ‘hotspots’ in the Netherlands.
  • DNA barcoding of the Flora Agaricina Neerlandica, Part I: Ectomycorrhizal agarics.
  • Evaluating the effect of symbiotic fungi on speciation in two subspecies of the orchid Epipactis helleborine in the Netherlands.

Collaborations

Research Grants (externally financed projects)

Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) research grant: Biodiversity, habitat partitioning and ecological functions of arctic fungi and their role in vegetation change due to climatic changes.

Ghent University research grant (External researcher): Molecular phylogenetic biodiversity assessment of tropical African ectomycorrhizal fungi, with an emphasis on Russulaceae.

Supervision PhDs

Promotor

Morgado LN. Biodiversity and ecology of arctic ectomycorrhizal fungi and their role in warming-induced vegetation change (2011-2015). Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden University.

Semenova TA. Biodiversity and habitat partitioning of root-associated fungi in the changing Arctic (2012-2016). Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden University.

Co-promotor/supervisor

Pastor N. Estructura y composición de las comunidades de hongos ectomicorrícicos asociadas a Alnus acuminata Kunth en las Yungas de Argentina. CONICET, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba.

Teaching

Courses

Contributor to the following courses:

  • Tropical Biodiversity MS. course (Naturalis, 2014- ).
  • Methods in Biodiversity Assessment MS. course (U Leiden 2016- )
  • Tree of Life: Biodiversity of Plants, Protists and Fungi (U Leiden, 2012- ).
  • Richness of the World MS. course (U Leiden, 2009- ).
  • Flora Excursions (U Leiden, 2012, 2013).
  • BIOL F195P/A124 Introductory Mycology (U Alaska Fairbanks, 2004, 2005, 2006).
Available student projects

Publications

2017

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Wicaksono C.Y., Aguirre-Guiterrez J., Nouhra E., Pastor N., Raes N., Pacheco S., Geml J. 2017. Contracting montane cloud forests: a case study of the Andean alder (Alnus acuminata) and associated fungi in the Yungas. Biotropica: pending.
Go to website (DOI)

Urcelay C., Longo S., Geml J., Tecco P.A., Nouhra E. 2017. Co-invasive exotic pines and their ectomycorrhizal symbionts show capabilities for wide distance and altitudinal range expansion. Fungal Ecology 25: 50-58.
Go to website (URI)

2016

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Morgado L.N., Semenova T.A., Welker J.M., Walker M.D., Smets E., Geml J. 2016. Long-term increase in snow depth leads to compositional changes in arctic ectomycorrhizal fungal communities. Global Change Biology 22: 3080–3096.
Go to website (DOI)

Semenova T.A., Morgado L.N., Welker J.M., Walker M.D., Smets E., Geml J. 2016. Compositional and functional shifts in arctic fungal communities in response to experimentally increased snow depth. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 100: 201-209.
Go to website (DOI)

Geml J., Semenova T.A., Morgado L.N., Welker J.M. 2016. Changes in composition and abundance of functional groups of arctic fungi in response to long-term summer warming. Biology Letters 12: 20160503.
Go to website (URI)

2015

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Morgado L.N., Semenova T.A., Welker J.M., Walker M.D., Smets E., Geml J. 2015. Summer temperature increase has distinct effects on the ectomycorrhizal fungal communities of moist tussock and dry tundra in Arctic Alaska. Global Change Biology 21: 959-972.
Go to website (URI)

Nouhra E.R., Pastor N., Becerra A.G., Sarrionandia Areitio E., Geml J. 2015. Greenhouse seedlings of Alnus showed low host intrageneric specificity and a strong preference for some Tomentella ectomycorrhizal associates. Microbial Ecology 69: 813-825.
Go to website (URI)

Semenova T.A., Morgado L.N., Welker J.M., Walker M.D., Smets E., Geml J. 2015. Long-term experimental warming alters community composition of ascomycetes in Alaskan moist and dry arctic tundra. warming alters ascomycete communities. Molecular Ecology 24: 424-437.
Go to website (DOI)

Merckx V.S.F.T., Hendriks K.P., Beentjes K.K., Mennes C.B., Becking L.E., Peijnenburg K.T.C.A., Afendy A., Arumugam N., de Boer H., Biun A., Buang M.M., Chen P.-P., Chung A.Y.C., Dow R., Feijen F.A.A., Feijen H., Feijen-van Soest C, Geml J., Geurts R., Gravendeel B., Hovenkamp P., Imbun P., Ipor I., Janssens S.B., Jocqué M. Kappes H., Khoo E., Koomen P., Lens F., Majapun R.J., Morgado L.N., Neupane S., Nieser N., Pereira J.T., Rahman H., Sabran S., Sawang A., Schwallier R.M., Shim P.-S., Smit H., Sol N., Spait M., Stech M., Stokvis F., Sugau J.B., Suleiman M., Sumail S., Thomas D.C., van Tol J., Tuh F.Y.Y., Yahya B.E., Nais J., Repin R., Lakim M. & Schilthuizen M. 2015. Evolution of endemism on a young tropical mountain. Nature 524: 347-350.
Go to website (DOI)

Geml J., Morgado L.N., Semenova T.A., Welker J.M., Walker M.D., Smets E.F. 2015. Long-term warming alters richness and composition of taxonomic and functional groups of arctic fungi. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 91: 1-13.
Go to website (URI)

Journals non-SCI, peer-reviewed

Tulloss R.E., Caycedo C.R., Hughes K.W., Geml J., Kudzma L.V., Wolfe B.E., Arora D. 2015. Nomenclatural changes in Amanita. II. Amanitaceae 1: 1-6.
Go to website (URI)

2014

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Lodge D.J, Padamsee M., Matheny P.B., Aime M.C., Cantrell S.A., Boertmann D., Kovalenko A., Vizzini A., Dentinger B.T.M., Kirk P.M., Ainsworth A.M., Moncalvo J.-M., Vilgalys R., Larsson E., Luecking R., Griffith G.W., Smith M.E., Norvell L.L., Desjardin D.E., Redhead S.A., Ovrebo C.L., Lickey E.B., Ercole E., Hughes K.W., Courtecuisse R., Young A., Binder M., Minnis A.M., Lindner D.L., Ortiz-Santana B., Haight J., Laessoe T., Baroni T.J., Geml J., Hattori T. 2014. Molecular phylogeny, morphology, pigment chemistry and ecology in Hygrophoraceae (Agaricales). Fungal Diversity 64: 1-99.
Go to website (DOI)

Merenyi Z., Varga T., Geml J., Orczan A.K., Chevalier G., Bratek Z. 2014. Phylogeny and phylogeography of the Tuber brumale aggr. Mycorrhiza 24: S101-S113.
Go to website (DOI)

Geml J., Gravendeel B., Neilen M., Lammers Y., Raes N., Semenova T.A., Noordeloos M.E. 2014. The Contribution of DNA Metabarcoding to Fungal Conservation: Diversity Assessment, Habitat Partitioning and Mapping Red-Listed Fungi in Protected Coastal Salix repens Communities in the Netherlands. PLOS ONE 9: e99852.
Go to website (DOI)

Geml J., Pastor N., Fernandez L., Pacheco S., Semenova T.A., Becerra A.G., Wicaksono C.Y., Nouhra E.R. 2014. Large-scale fungal diversity assessment in the Andean Yungas forests reveals strong community turnover among forest types along an altitudinal gradient. Molecular Ecology 23: 2452-2472.
Go to website (DOI)

Tedersoo L., Bahram M., Põlme S., Kõljalg U., Yorou N.S., Wijesundera R., Villarreal Ruiz L., Vasco-Palacios A.M., Thu P.Q., Suija A., Smith M.E., Sharp C., Saluveer E., Saitta A., Rosas M., Riit T., Ratkowsky D., Pritsch K., Põldmaa K., Piepenbring M., Phosri C., Peterson M., Parts K., Pärtel K., Otsing E., Nouhra E., Njouonkou A.L., Nilsson R.H., Morgado L.N., Mayor J., May T.W., Majuakim L., Lodge D.J., Lee S.S., Larsson K.-H., Kohout P., Hosaka K., Hiiesalu I., Henkel T.W., Harend H., Guo L., Greslebin A., Grelet G., Geml J., Gates G., Dunstan W., Dunk C., Drenkhan R., Dearnaley J., Kesel A. De, Dang T., Chen X., Buegger F., Brearley F.Q., Bonito G., Anslan S., Abell A., Abarenkov K. 2014. Global diversity and geography of soil fungi. Science 346: 1256688.
Go to website (URI)

Journals non-SCI, peer-reviewed

Gravendeel B., Noordeloos M., Geml J. 2014. Nieuwe inzichten in de samenstelling van de paddestoelenflora in Kruipwilgstruweel dankzij DNA analyse. Holland’s Duinen 64: 22-25.

2013

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Morgado L.N., Noordeloos M.E., Lamoureux Y., Geml J. 2013. Multi-gene phylogenetic analyses reveal species limits, phylogeographic patterns, and evolutionary histories of key morphological traits in Entoloma (Agaricales, Basidiomycota). Persoonia 31: 159-178.
Go to website (DOI)

Bellemain E., Davey M.L., Kauserud H., Epp L.S., Boessenkool S., Coissac E., Geml J., Edwards M., Willerslev E., Gussarova G., Taberlet P., Brochmann C. 2013. Fungal palaeodiversity revealed using high-throughput metabarcoding of ancient DNA from arctic permafrost. Environmental Microbiology 15: 1176-1189.
Go to website (DOI)

Doilom M., Liu J.-K., Jaklitsch W.M., Ariyawansa H., Wijayawardene N.N., Chukeatirote E., Zhang M., McKenzie E.H.C., Geml J., Voglmayr H., Hyde K.D. 2013. An outline of the family Cucurbitariaceae. Sydowia 65: 167-192.

Staats M., Erkens R.H.J., Vossenberg B. van de, Wieringa J.J., Kraaijeveld K., Stielow B., Geml J., Richardson J.E., Bakker F.T. 2013. Genomic Treasure Troves: Complete Genome Sequencing of Herbarium and Insect Museum Specimens. PLOS ONE 8: e69189.
Go to website (DOI)

Chapters in books

Merckx V.S.F.T., Mennes C.B., Peay K.G., Geml J. 2013. Evolution and Diversification. Springer, New York. ISBN 9781461452089.
Go to website (DOI)

2012

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Geml J., Timling I., Robinson C.H., Lennon N., Nusbaum H.C., Brochmann C., Noordeloos M.E., Taylor D.L. 2012. An arctic community of symbiotic fungi assembled by long-distance dispersers: phylogenetic diversity of ectomycorrhizal basidiomycetes in Svalbard based on soil and sporocarp DNA. Journal of Biogeography 39: 74-88.
Go to website (DOI)

Geml J., Kauff F., Brochmann C., Lutzoni F., Laursen G.A., Redhead S.A., Taylor D.L. 2012. Frequent circumarctic and rare transequatorial dispersals in the lichenised agaric genus Lichenomphalia (Hygrophoraceae, Basidiomycota). Fungal Biology 116: 388-400.
Go to website (DOI)

2011

Chapters in books

Geml J. 2011. Coalescent analyses reveal contrasting patterns of inter-continental gene flow in arctic-alpine and boreal-temperate fungi. 175-190: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. ISBN 9780521766708.

2010

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Geml J., Laursen G.A., Herriott I.C., McFarland J.M., Booth M.G., Lennon N., Nusbaum H.C., Taylor D.L. 2010. Phylogenetic and ecological analyses of soil and sporocarp DNA sequences reveal high diversity and strong habitat partitioning in the boreal ectomycorrhizal genus Russula (Russulales; Basidiomycota). New Phytologist 187: 494-507.
Go to website (DOI)

Geml J., Kauff F., Brochmann C., Taylor D.L. 2010. Surviving climate changes: high genetic diversity and transoceanic gene flow in two arctic-alpine lichens, Flavocetraria cucullata and F-nivalis (Parmeliaceae, Ascomycota). Journal of Biogeography 37: 1529-1542.
Go to website (DOI)

Bjorbaekmo M.F.M., Carlsen T., Brysting A., Vralstad T., Hoiland K., Ugland K.I., Geml J., Schumacher T., Kauserud H. 2010. High diversity of root associated fungi in both alpine and arctic Dryas octopetala. BMC Plant Biology 10: 244.
Go to website (DOI)

Chapters in books

Geml J., Kauff F., Laursen G.A., Taylor D.L. 2010. Genetic studies point to Beringia as a biodiversity ‘hotspot’ for high-latitude fungi. Alaska Regional Office 37-41:

2009

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Geml J., Laursen G.A., Timling I., Mcfarland J.M., Booth M.G., Lennon N., Nusbaum C., Taylor D.L. 2009. Molecular phylogenetic biodiversity assessment of arctic and boreal ectomycorrhizal Lactarius Pers. (Russulales; Basidiomycota) in Alaska, based on soil and sporocarp DNA. Molecular Ecology 18: 2213-2227.
Go to website (DOI)

Chapters in books

Geml J., Tulloss R.E., Laursen G.A., Sazanova N.A., Taylor D.L. 2009. Phylogeographic analyses of a boreal-temperate ectomycorrhizal basidiomycete, Amanita muscaria, suggest forest refugia in Alaska during the Last Glacial Maximum.. 173-189: Springer, Berlin. ISBN 9783540921592.
Go to website (DOI)

2008

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Bidartondo M.I., Bruns T.D., Blackwell M., Edwards I., Taylor A.F.S., Horton T., Zhang N., Koljalg U., May G., Kuyper T.W., Bever J.D., Gilbert G, Taylor J.W., DeSantis T.Z., Pringle A., Borneman J., Thorn G., Berbee M., Mueller G.M., Andersen G.L., Vellinga E.C., Branco S., Anderson I., Dickie I.A., Avis P., Timonen S., Kjoller R., Lodge D.J., Bateman R.M., Purvis A., Crous P.W., Hawkes C., Barraclough T., Burt A., Nilsson R.H., Larsson K.-H., Alexander I., Moncalvo J.-M., Berube J., Spatafora J., Lumbsch H.T., Blair Jaime E., Suh S.-O., Pfister D.H., Binder M., Boehm E.W., Kohn L., Mata J.L., Dyer P., Sung G.-H., Dentinger B., Simmons E.G., Baird R.E., Volk T.J., Perry B.A., Kerrigan R.W., Campbell J., Rajesh J., Reynolds D.R., Geiser D., Humber R.A., Hausmann N., Szaro T., Stajich J., Gathman A., Peay K.G., Henkel T., Robinson C.H., Pukkila P.J., Nguyen N.H., Villalta C., Kennedy P., Bergemann S., Aime M.C., Kauff F., Porras-Alfaro A., Gueidan C., Beck A., Andersen B., Marek S., Crouch J.A., Kerrigan J., Ristaino J.B., Hodge K.T., Kuldau G., Samuels G.J., Raja H.A., Voglmayr H., Gardes M., Janos D.P., Rogers J.D., Cannon P., Woolfolk S.W., Kistler H.C., Castellano M.A., Maldonado-Ramirez S.L., Kirk P.M., Farrar J.J., Osmundson T., Currah R.S., Vujanovic V., Chen W., Korf R.P., Atallah Z.K., Harrison K.J., Guarro J., Bates S.T., Bonello P.E., Bridge P., Schell W., Rossi W., Stenlid J., Frisvad J.C., Miller R.M., Baker S.E., Hallen H.E., Janso J.E., Wilson A.W., Conway K.E., Egerton-Warburton L., Wang Z., Eastburn D., Ho Wellcome W.H., Kroken S., Stadler M., Turgeon G., Lichtwardt R.W., Stewart E.L., Wedin M., Li D.-W., Uchida J.Y., Jumpponen A., Deckert R.J., Beker H.J., Rogers S.O., Xu J., Johnston P., Shoemaker R.A., Liu M., Marques G., Summerell B., Sokolski S., Thrane U., Widden P., Bruhn J.N., Bianchinotti V., Tuthill D., Baroni T.J., Barron G., Hosaka K., Jewell K., Piepenbring M., Sullivan R., Griffith G.W., Bradley S.G., Aoki T., Yoder W.T., Ju Y.-M., Berch S.M., Trappe M., Duan W., Bonito G., Taber R.A., Coelho G., Bills G., Ganley A., Agerer R., Nagy L., Roy B.A., Laessoe T., Hallenberg N., Tichy H.-V., Stalpers J., Langer E., Scholler M., Krueger D., Pacioni G., Poeder R., Pennanen T., Capelari M., Nakasone K., Tewari J.P., Miller A.N., Decock C., Huhndorf S., Wach M., Vishniac H.S., Yohalem D.S., Smith M.E., Glenn A.E., Spiering M., Lindner D.L., Schoch C., Redhead S.A., Ivors K., Jeffers S.N., Geml J., Okafor F., Spiegel F.W., Dewsbury D., Carroll J., Porter T.M., Pashley C., Carpenter S.E., Abad G., Voigt K., Arenz B., Methven A.S., Schechter S., Vance P., Mahoney D., Kang S., Rheeder J.P., Mehl J., Greif M., Ngala G.N., Ammirati J., Kawasaki M., Gwo-Fang Y., Matsumoto T., Smith D., Koenig G., Luoma D., May T., Leonardi M., Sigler L., Taylor D.L., Gibson C., Sharpton T., Hawksworth D.L., Dianese J.C., Trudell S.A., Paulus B., Padamsee M., Callac P., Lima N., White M., Barreau C., Juncai M.A., Buyck B., Rabeler R.K., Liles M.R., Estes D., Carter R., Herr Jr. J.M., Chandler G., Kerekes J., Cruse-Sanders J., Galan M.R., Horak E., Fitzsimons M., Doering H., Yao S., Hynson N., Ryberg M., Arnold A.E., Hughes K. 2008. Preserving accuracy in GenBank. Science 319: 1616-1616.

Geml J., Tulloss R.E., Laursen G.A., Sazanova N.A., Taylor D.L. 2008. Evidence for strong inter- and intracontinental phylogeographic structure in Amanita muscaria, a wind-dispersed ectomycorrhizal basidiomycete. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48: 694-701.
Go to website (DOI)

Geml J., Laursen G.A., Taylor D.L. 2008. Molecular diversity assessment of arctic and boreal Agaricus taxa. Mycologia 100: 577-589.
Go to website (DOI)

2007

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Geml J., Laursen G.A., Nusbaum H.C., Taylor D.L. 2007. Two new species of Agaricus from the subantarctic. Mycotaxon 100: 193-208.

2006

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Hosaka K., Bates S.T., Beever R.E., Castellano M.A., Colgan III W., Dominguez L.S., Nouhra E.R., Geml J., Giachini A.J., Kenney S.R., Simpson N.B., Spatafora J.W., Trappe J.M. 2006. Molecular phylogenetics of the gomphoid-phalloid fungi with an establishment of the new subclass Phallomycetidae and two new orders. Mycologia 98: 949-959.

Geml J., Laursen G.A., O'Neill K., Nusbaum H.C., Taylor D.L. 2006. Beringian origins and cryptic speciation events in the fly agaric (Amanita muscaria). Molecular Ecology 15: 225-239.
Go to website (DOI)

2005

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Geml J., Davis D.D., Geiser D.M. 2005. Systematics of the genus Sphaerobolus based on molecular and morphological data, with the description of Sphaerobolus ingoldii sp nov.. Mycologia 97: 680-694.

Geml J., Davis D.D., Geiser D.M. 2005. Phylogenetic analyses reveal deeply divergent species lineages in the genus Sphaerobolus (Phallales : Basidiomycota). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 35: 313-322.
Go to website (DOI)

2004

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Geml J. 2004. Evolution in action: molecular evidence for recent emergence of secotioid genera Endxoptychum, Gyrophragmium and Longula from Agaricus ancestors. Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica 51: 97-108.
Go to website (DOI)