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Hans ter Steege

Dr. H. (Hans) ter Steege, Research fellow - Botany, Amazon Tree Diversity

Contact

Email: hans.tersteege@naturalis.nl
Phone: +31 (0)71-75 17 272
Room number: DW4.E03-02
“It amazes me that 1 hectare of tropical forest can have more than 300 tree species. Why, how?”

I am keenly interested in the study of plant diversity and mechanisms generating and regulating diversity at regional and local scale with a focus on the Amazon Rainforest. I have built up large network of collaborating colleagues in the Amazon and outside: The Amazon Tree Diversity Network. With this network we study patterns and processes of species composition, relative abundance patterns, and functional behaviour of the Amazon forest, and its evolution.

I lived and worked ten years in Guyana where I managed the Tropenbos Guyana Programme, responsible for programme development and monitoring, financial management, scientific backstopping, and translation and dissemination of scientific results into recommendations for policy and forest management. After returning to the Netherlands, I worked at the Utrecht University, as a consultant, at the International Institute for Geo-information Science and Earth Observation, and finaly at Naturalis Biodiversity Center.

I was lucky that computers arrived at the Universities when I was a student in Biology and was an early adopter of computer technology including relational databases, Pascal programming & modelling, Matlab, R, GIS, spatial statistics.

Career

Research

2014 – 2016 Visiting Professor, Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Belem, Para, Brazil.

2012 – pr. Naturalis  Biodiversity Center. Senior Research Fellow ‘Amazon Tree Diversity’.

2004 – 2011 Netherlands, Utrecht University. Associate Professor ‘Ecology and Biodiversity’, Research on Biodiversity in the Amazon and Guianan Forest.

2002 – 2004 Netherlands, Utrecht University and Nationaal Herbarium Nederland. Assistant Professor ‘Biodiversity Assessment’, Research on Biodiversity in the Neotropics and Flora of the Guianas.

2001 – 2002 Netherlands, International Institute for Geo-information Science and Earth Observation (ITC). Associate Professor ‘Spatial Analysis of Forest Conservation and Rehabilitation’.

2001 Netherlands, Utrecht University. Researcher/consultant on contract funds from NRI, UK. Preparation of vegetation maps of Guyana; database support for Herbarium of Guyana Forestry Commission.

1998 – 2000 Netherlands, Tropenbos Foundation, based at Utrecht University, Post-doc Researcher. Research work included integration of plant diversity data for Guyana, with comparison to Guiana Shield and wider Amazon area for National Protected Areas Strategy in Guyana and assessing the long-term effects of timber extraction of tree diversity. At smaller scales work included the role of pH, aluminium and water on forest composition and the supervision of a gap experiment in mixed tropical rain forest.

1998 Guyana, Iwokrama International Centre for Rain Forest Conservation and Development. Ecological and utilisation zoning of the Iwokrama Forest (360,000 ha).

1998 Netherlands/Guyana, UNDP (UNOPS). Contract to report on biomass and carbon storage potential of Guyana’s rain forest types and possibilities for carbon mitigation projects. Construction of a carbon model.

1993 Netherlands/Australia, Consultant for Ministry of Works, Ministry of Agriculture. Investigation into the sustainability of the forests management of Conservation and Land Management (West Australian Forest Service).

1992 – 1993 Utrecht University/Tropenbos Foundation, Researcher. Integration and translation of research results of the Tropenbos-Guyana Programme into policy and management recommendations.

1989 – 1993 Utrecht University, PhD research in plant ecology (Patterns in tropical rainforest in Guyana), successfully defended in 1993. Promotor: Professor Marinus J.A. Werger.


Management

2009 – 2011 Chair Ecology and Biodiversity (Ag.).

2004 – 2006 Chair Plant Systematics (Ag.).

2002 – 2011 Member of the Board of Plant Sciences, University Utrecht; member of the Science and Education Board of the National Herbarium Netherlands (-2007); Chairman of the Biodiversity Assessment Task Force of the National Herbarium Netherlands (-2005); Member of the Editorial Board of the Flora of the Guianas (-2009).

2001 – 2002 Scientific Co-ordinator Tropenbos-Vietnam Programme.

1998 – 1999 Tropenbos Foundation, based at Utrecht University, Acting Programme Co-ordinator Tropenbos-Guyana Programme.

1994 – 1998 Guyana, Tropenbos-Guyana Programme, Programme Team-leader, responsible for programme development, monitoring and management, supervision of research, integration and dissemination of results to policy and management.

1989 – 1992 Guyana, Tropenbos-Guyana Programme, Project Leader, responsible for programme management and supervision of research.

1987 – 1989 Guyana, Utrecht University/University of Guyana, 'Forest Project Mabura Hill', Co-ordinating Scientist with main assignments, the realisation of Forest Reserve Mabura Hill with Field Station and supervision of Dutch students in the field.

Research

Research interest

My research focuses on understanding the origin and regulation of biodiversity, which I investigate within the framework of the Amazon Tree Diversity Network (ATDN). I am particularly interested in causes for tree alpha- and beta-diversity. While trees are my personal pet-plants, I also work with Herbarium material, bryophytes and vascular epiphytes.

 

 

Full list of scientific products

Keywords

amazon, community ecology, floristic composition, tree diversity

Current research topics

  • Dominance and diversity of the Amazon Forest
  • Threats to the Amazon Tree Flora
  • Mono-dominance in the Amazon

Collaborations

Coordination of the Amazon Tree Diversity Network (c. 170 colleagues in all 9 Amazon countries, US, UK, France, Australie, Gemany, Norway and the Netherlands

Member of Rainfor

Member of the Network of Neotropical Biogeography

Collections

We regularly conduct trip to the field to collect specimens and set up plots.

Our latest trip was to the WaiWai conservation Area in Southern Guyana. See our blog.

Supervision PhDs

Co-promotor/supervisor

Marcela de Castro Nunes Santos Terra. Universidade Federal de Lavras (External Supervisor).

Vitor Freitas. Barcoding the Amazon. Universidad Federal do Para (Supervisor).

Ivo Abraão. Pteridophytes diversity in the Brejas of NE Brazil. Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil (External Supervisor).

Hermeson Cassiano de Oliveira. Bryophytes in Forest remnants in Bahia. Universidade Federal da Bahia (External Supervisor).

Edwin Pos. Understanding the world’s most diverse forest: A model of beta diversity for the Amazon. Utrecht University (co-promotor).

Laura Victoria Campos Salazar. Distribución y ecología de briofitos epífitos del Parque Nacional Natural Amacayacu – Amazonas (Colombia). Universidad Nacional De Colombia (‘director’).

Do Van Nhan Tree Biomass, Composition and Diversity in Vietnam – study based on 3000 4-ha plots. Utrecht University (co-promotor).

Maria Cristina Penuela Mora. Understanding Colombian Amazonian White Sand Forests. Utrecht University (co-promotor). Thesis successfully defended October 1, 2014.

Juliana Stropp Carneiro. Towards an understanding of tree diversity in Amazonian forests. Utrecht University (co-promotor). Thesis successfully defended March 21, 2011.

Marisol Toledo. Patterns in species diversity, forest structure and dynamics along environmental gradients in the lowland forests of Bolivia. Wageningen University (PhD Advisor). Thesis successfully defended June 1, 2010.

Sylvia Mota de Oliveira. Diversity of epiphytic bryophytes across the Amazon. Utrecht University (co-promotor). Thesis successfully defended April 26, 2010.

Olaf Bánki. Neutrality, Ecology and Tree-Diversity in the Guianas. Utrecht University (co-promotor). Thesis successfully defended April 19, 2010.

Padmattie Haripersaud. Developing theory for the use of botanical specimen data in biodiversity research. Utrecht University (co-promotor). Thesis successfully defended September 21, 2009.

Niels Raes. Plant Diversity Assessment of Malesia deduced from Collection Databases. Leiden University (co-promotor). Thesis successfully defended February 2009.

Karl Eichorn. Biodiversity in logged and burned forest in Borneo. Leiden University (PhD Referent). Thesis successfully defended May 2006.

Grace Nangendo. Fire and Biodiversity in Ugandan Ecosystems. ITC and Wageningen University (co-promotor). Thesis successfully defended June 2005.

Oscar van Dam. Forest filled with gaps: effects of gap size on water and nutrient cycling in tropical rain forest: a study in Guyana. Utrecht University (co-promotor). Thesis successfully defended May 2001.

Simmone Rose. Seeds, saplings and gaps: a study in the tropical rain forest of Guyana. Utrecht University (co-promotor). Thesis successfully defended December 2000. 

Teaching

Courses

2011 Member of the committee ‘BioStart’ for the restructuring of year 1 and 2 of BSc curriculum.

2010 Chairman of “Commissie Instroom Bachelor opleiding Biologie”

2009 – 2010 Member of the Education Advisory Committee BSc curriculum (OAC-B).

2002 – pr Utrecht University, Associate Professor, Coordinator of curriculum course Biodiversity and Landscape (award for best 2nd year course in 2009-2010).

2002 – 2013 Utrecht University, Coordinator of curriculum courses in Evolutionary Biology, and ‘Survey of the Plant Kingdom’ in 1st year course Biodiversity.

2002 – pr. Various courses on tropical ecology and biodiversity in the framework of collaborative projects (Brazil, Caxiuana 2004, Manaus 2005; Suriname 2005; Bolivia 2006).

2001 Contract funds from WWF-Guyana and Tropenbos-Guyana. Organisation and leading of course and workshop on Biodiversity protection in Forest Concessions.

1989 – 2001 Utrecht University, occasional lecturer, module on biodiversity, supervision MSc students, PhD students, and Post-docs.

1989 – 2001 University of Guyana, occasional lecturer, supervision MSc students.

1994 – 2001 University of Guyana, External Examiner, MSc Forest Biology Programme.

1987 – 1989 University of Guyana, Visiting lecturer (Survey of the Plant Kingdom, Tropical Ecology, and Neotropical Flora and Plant Taxonomy).

1985 – 1987 Utrecht University, Assistant in courses ‘Survey of the Plant Kingdom’ (1985-1987) for daytime and part time evening students, on ‘Dutch Flora’ (1986), on ‘Neotropical Flora’ (1987).

Supervision MSc Students

2013 Co-supervisor - IJff - Putting maximum entropy species distribution modelling (MaxEnt) to the test
2012 Co-supervisor: de Graaf & Loverbos - Distance decay of similarity in the Eastern Amazon
Available student projects

Publications

2015

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Mota de Oliveira S., Steege H. ter 2015. Bryophyte communities in the Amazon forest are regulated by height on the host tree and site elevation. Journal of Ecology 103: 441-450.
Go to website (DOI)

2014

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Campos L.V., Gradstein R., Uribe-M J., Steege H. ter 2014. Additions to the Catalogue of Hepaticae of Colombia II. Cryptogamie Bryologie 35: 77-92.
Go to website (DOI)

Baker T.R., Pennington R.T., Magallon S., Gloor E., Laurance W.F., Alexiades M., Alvarez E., Araujo A., Arets E.J.M.M., Aymard G., Oliveira A.A. de, Amaral I., Arroyo L., Bonal D., Brienen R.J.W., Chave J., Dexter K.G., Fiore A. di, Eler E., Feldpausch T.R., Ferreira L., Lopez-Gonzalez G., Heijden G. van der, Higuchi N., Honorio E., Huamantupa I., Killeen T.J., Laurance S., Leano C., Lewis S.L., Malhi Y., Marimon B.S., Marimon Junior B.H., Monteagudo Mendoza A., Neill D., Penuela-Mora M.C., Pitman N., Prieto A., Quesada C.A., Ramirez F., Ramirez A.H., Rudas A., Ruschel A.R., Salomao R.P., Andrade A.S. de, Silva J.N.M., Silveira M., Simon M.F., Spironello W., Steege H. ter, Terborgh J., Toledo M., Torres-Lezama A., Vasquez R., Guimaraes V.I.C., Vilanova E., Vos V.A., Phillips O.L. 2014. Fast demographic traits promote high diversification rates of Amazonian trees. Ecology Letters 17: 527-536.
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Emilio T., Quesada C.A., Costa F.R.C., Magnusson W.E., Schietti J., Feldpausch T.R., Brienen R.J.W., Baker T.R., Chave J., Alvarez E., Araujo A., Banki O., Castilho C.V., Honorio C.E.N., Killeen T.J., Malhi Y., Oblitas Mendoza E.M., Monteagudo A., Neill D., Alexander P.G., Pena-Cruz A., Ramirez-Angulo H., Schwarz M., Silveira M., Steege H. ter, Terborgh J.W., Thomas R., Torres-Lezama A., Vilanova E., Phillips O.L. 2014. Soil physical conditions limit palm and tree basal area in Amazonian forests. Plant Ecology & Diversity 7: 215-229.
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Stropp J., Sleen P. van der, Quesada C.A., Steege H. ter 2014. Growth-defense trade-off does not explain tree habitat specialization in the upper Rio Negro. Plant Ecology & Diversity 7: 255-265.
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Mitchard E.T.A., Feldpausch T.R., Brienen R.V., Lopez-Gonzalez G., Monteagudo A., Malhi Y., Baker T.R., Lewis S.L., Lloyd J., Quesada C.A., Gloor M., Steege H. ter, Meir P., Alvarez E.V., Araujo-Murakami A., Arroyo L., Aymard G.A., Banki O., Bonal D., Brown S., Cerón C.E., Chama Moscoso V., Chave J., Comiskey J.M., Corrales Medina M., Costa F.R.C., Cruz A.P., Cuenca W.P., Costa L. Da, Souza P.B. de, Fiore A. Di, Domingues T., Erwin T.L., Espejo J.E., Ferreira L., Germaine A., Higuchi N., Honorio Coronado E.N., Levis C., Killeen T.J., Laurance W.F., Magnusson W.E., Marimon B.S., Marimon Junior B.H., Nascimento M.T., Neill D., Peñuela M.C., Pitman N., Peres C.A., Polo I.C.G., Prieto A., Ramirez-Angulo H., Rudas A., Salomao R.P., Schietti J., Silva N., Silveira M., Stropp J., Terborgh J., Thomas R.P., Toledo M., Torres-Lezama A., Valenzuela Gamarra L., Andel T.R. van, Heijden G.M.F. van der, Vargas P.N., Vieira I.C.G., Vilanova-Torre E., Wang O., Zartman C.E., Phillips O.L. 2014. Markedly divergent estimates of Amazon forest carbon density from ground plots and satellites. Global Ecology and Biogeography Letters 23: 935–946.
Go to website (URI)

Pos E., Guevara Andino J.E., Sabatier D., Molino J., Pitman N., Mogollón H., Neill D., Cerón C., Rivas G., Di Fiore A., Thomas R., Tirado M., Young K.R., Wang O., Sierra R., García-Villacorta R., Zagt R., Palacios W., Aulestia M., Steege H. ter 2014. Are all species necessary to reveal ecologically important patterns?. Ecology and Evolution 4: 4626-4636.
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2013

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Mota de Oliveira S., Steege H. ter 2013. Floristic overview of the epiphytic bryophytes of terra firme forests across the Amazon basin. ACTA BOTANICA BRASILICA 27: 347-363.
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Slik J.W.F., Paoli G., McGuire K., Amaral I., Barroso J., Bastian M., Blanc L., Bongers F., Boundja P., Clark C., Collins M., Dauby G., Ding Y., Doucet J.-L., Eler E., Ferreira L., Forshed O., Fredriksson G., Gillet J.-F., Harris D., Leal M., Laumonier Y., Malhi Y., Mansor A., Martin E., Miyamoto K., Araujo-Murakami A., Nagamasu H., Nilus R., Nurtjahya E., Oliveira A., Onrizal O., Parada-Gutierrez A., Permana A., Poorter L., Poulsen J., Ramirez-Angulo H., Reitsma J., Rovero F., Rozak A., Sheil D., Silva-Espejo J., Silveira M., Spironelo W., Steege H. ter, Stevart T., Navarro-Aguilar G.E., Sunderland T., Suzuki E., Tang J., Theilade I., Heijden G. van der, Valkenburg J. van, Van Do T., Vilanova E., Vos V., Wich S., Woell H., Yoneda T., Zang R., Zhang Ming G., Zweifel N. 2013. Large trees drive forest aboveground biomass variation in moist lowland forests across the tropics. GLOBAL ECOLOGY AND BIOGEOGRAPHY 22: 1261-1271.
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Perez-Harguindeguy N., Diaz S., Garnier E., Lavorel S., Poorter H., Jaureguiberry P., Bret-Harte M.S., Cornwell W.K., Craine J.M., Gurvich D.E., Urcelay C., Veneklaas E.J., Reich P.B., Poorter L., Wright I.J., Ray P., Enrico L., Pausas J.G., Vos A.C. de, Buchmann N., Funes G., Quetier F., Hodgson J.G., Thompson K., Morgan H.D., Steege H. ter, Heijden M.G.A. van der, Sack L., Blonder B., Poschlod P., Vaieretti M.V., Conti G., Staver A.C., Aquino S., Cornelissen J.H.C. 2013. New handbook for standardised measurement of plant functional traits worldwide. AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY 61: 167-234.
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Steege H. ter, Pitman N.C.A., Sabatier D., Baraloto C., Salomão R.P., Guevara J.E., Phillips O.L., Castilho C.V., Magnusson W.E., Molino J.-F., Monteagudo A., Núñez Vargas P., Montero J.C., Feldpausch T.R., Coronado E.N.H., Killeen T.J., Mostacedo B., Vasquez R., Assis R.L., Terborgh J., Wittmann F., Andrade A., Laurance W.F., Laurance S.G.W., Marimon B.S., Marimon B.-H., Guimarães Vieira I.C., Amaral I.L., Brienen R., Castellanos H., Cárdenas López D., Duivenvoorden J.F., Mogollón H.F., Matos F.D.d.A., Dávila N., García-Villacorta R., Stevenson Diaz P.R., Costa F., Emilio T., Levis C., Schietti J., Souza P., Alonso A., Dallmeier F., Montoya A.J.D., Fernandez Piedade M.T., Araujo-Murakami A., Arroyo L., Gribel R., Fine P.V.A., Peres C.A., Toledo M., Aymard C. G.A., Baker T.R., Cerón C., Engel J., Henkel T.W., Maas P., Petronelli P., Stropp J., Zartman C.E., Daly D., Neill D., Silveira M., Paredes M.R., Chave J., Lima Filho D.d.A., Jørgensen P.M., Fuentes A., Schöngart J., Cornejo Valverde F., Di Fiore A., Jimenez E.M., Peñuela Mora M.C., Phillips J.F., Rivas G., van Andel T.R., von Hildebrand P., Hoffman B., Zent E.L., Malhi Y., Prieto A., Rudas A., Ruschell A.R., Silva N., Vos V., Zent S., Oliveira A.A., Schutz A.C., Gonzales T., Trindade Nascimento M., Ramirez-Angulo H., Sierra R., Tirado M., Umaña Medina M.N., van der Heijden G., Vela C.I.A., Vilanova Torre E., Vriesendorp C., Wang O., Young K.R., Baider C., Balslev H., Ferreira C., Mesones I., Torres-Lezama A., Urrego Giraldo L.E., Zagt R., Alexiades M.N., Hernandez L., Huamantupa-Chuquimaco I., Milliken W., Palacios Cuenca W., Pauletto D., Valderrama Sandoval E., Valenzuela Gamarra L., Dexter K.G., Feeley K., Lopez-Gonzalez G. & Silman M.R. 2013. Hyperdominance in the Amazonian Tree Flora. 342: 1243092.
Go to website (DOI)

Journals non-SCI, peer-reviewed

Malhado A.C.M., Ladle R.J., Whittaker R.J., Atanásio J., Neto O., Malhi Y., Steege H. ter 2013. The Ecological Biogeography of Amazonia. Frontiers in Biogeography 5: 103-112.

2012

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Feldpausch T.R., Lloyd J., Lewis S.L., Brienen R.J.W., Gloor M., Monteagudo Mendoza A., Lopez-Gonzalez G., Banin L., Abu Salim K., Affum-Baffoe K., Alexiades M., Almeida S., Amaral I., Andrade A., Aragao L.E.O.C., Araujo Murakami A., Arets E.J.M.M., Arroyo L., Aymard G.A., Baker T.R., Banki O.S., Berry N.J., Cardozo N., Chave J., Comiskey J.A., Alvarez E., Oliveira A. de, Di Fiore A., Djagbletey G., Domingues T.F., Erwin T.L., Fearnside P.M., Franca M.B., Freitas M.A., Higuchi N., Honorio E., Iida Y., Jimenez E., Kassim A.R., Killeen T.J., Laurance W.F., Lovett J.C., Malhi Y., Marimon B.S., Marimon-Junior B.H., Lenza E., Marshall A.R., Mendoza C., Metcalfe D.J., Mitchard E.T.A., Neill D.A., Nelson B.W., Nilus R., Nogueira E.M., Parada A., Peh K.S.-H., Pena Cruz A., Penuela M.C., Pitman N.C.A., Prieto A., Quesada C.A., Ramirez F., Ramirez-Angulo H., Reitsma J.M., Rudas A., Saiz G., Salomao R.P., Schwarz M., Silva N., Silva-Espejo J.E., Silveira M., Sonke B., Stropp J., Taedoumg H.E., Tan S., Steege H. ter, Terborgh J., Torello-Raventos M., Heijden G.M.F. van der, Vasquez R., Vilanova E., Vos V.A., White L., Willcock S., Woell H., Phillips O.L. 2012. Tree height integrated into pantropical forest biomass estimates. BIOGEOSCIENCES 9: 3381-3403.
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Patino S., Fyllas N.M., Baker T.R., Paiva R., Quesada C.A., Santos A.J.B., Schwarz M., Steege H. ter, Phillips O.L., Lloyd J. 2012. Coordination of physiological and structural traits in Amazon forest trees. BIOGEOSCIENCES 9: 775-801.
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Malhado A.C.M., Malhi Y., Whittaker R.J., Ladle R.J., Steege H. ter, Fabre N.N., Phillips O., Laurance W.F., Aragao L.E.O.C., Pitman N.C.A., Ramirez-Angulo H., Malhado C.H.M. 2012. Drip-tips are associated with intensity of precipitation in the Amazon Rain Forest. BIOTROPICA 44: 728-737.
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2011

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Steege H. ter, Haripersaud P.P., Banki O.S., Schieving F. 2011. A model of botanical collectors' behavior in the field: never the same species twice. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY 98: 31-37.
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Hoorn C., Wesselingh F.P., Steege H. ter, Bermudez M.A., Mora A., Sevink J., Sanmartin I., Sanchez-Meseguer A., Anderson C.L., Figueiredo J.P., Jaramillo C., Riff D., Negri F.R., Hooghiemstra H., Lundberg J., Stadler T., Saerkinen T., Antonelli A. 2011. Origins of Biodiversity Response. SCIENCE 331: 399-400.

Hoang V.S., Baas P., Kessler P.J.A., Slik J.W.F., Steege H. ter, Raes N. 2011. Human and environmental influences on plant diversity and composition in Ben En National Park, Vietnam. JOURNAL OF TROPICAL FOREST SCIENCE 23: 328-337.

Toledo M., Poorter L., Pena-Claros M., Alarcon A., Balcazar J., Chuvina J., Leano Claudio, C.L.J., Steege H. ter, Bongers F. 2011. Patterns and determinants of floristic variation across lowland forests of Bolivia. BIOTROPICA 43: 405-413.
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Stropp J., Sleen P.V., Assunção P.A., Silva A.L., Steege H.T. ter 2011. Tree communities of white-sand and terra-firme forests of the upper Rio Negro. 41: 521-544.

Journals non-SCI, peer-reviewed

Mota de Oliveira S., Temme A., Erkens J.H.E., Steege H. ter 2011. Dispersal and connectivity of populations of Cheilolejeunea rigidula (Nees et Mont.) R.M.Schust. (Lejeuneaceae) in Amazonian forests: a pilot study. Boletim do Instituto de Botanica 2: 133-139.
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2010

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Haripersaud P., Steege H. ter, Granville J.-J. de, Chevillotte H., Hoff M. 2010. Species abundance, distribution and diversity in time and space after centuries of botanical collecting in the Guianas. TAXON 59: 592-597.

Steege H. ter 2010. Will tropical biodiversity survive our approach to global change?. BIOTROPICA 42: 561-562.
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Malhado A.C.M., Whittaker R.J., Malhi Y, Ladle R.J., Steege H. ter, Phillips O., Aragao L.E.O.C., Baker T.R., Arroyo L., Almeida S., Higuchi N., Killeen T.J., Monteagudo A., Pitman N.C.A., Prieto A., Salomao R.P., Vasquez-Martinez R., Laurance W.F., Ramirez-Angulo H. 2010. Are compound leaves an adaptation to seasonal drought or to rapid growth? Evidence from the Amazon rain forest. GLOBAL ECOLOGY AND BIOGEOGRAPHY 19: 852-862.
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Hoorn C., Wesselingh F.P., Steege H. ter, Bermudez M.A., Mora A., Sevink J., Sanmartin I., Sanchez-Meseguer A., Anderson C.L., Figueiredo J.P., Jaramillo C., Riff D., Negri F.R., Hooghiemstra H., Lundberg J., Stadler T., Saerkinen T., Antonelli A. 2010. Amazonia through time: Andean uplift, climate change, landscape evolution and biodiversity. SCIENCE 330: 927-931.
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Steege H. ter 2010. How neutral is ecology?. BIOTROPICA 42: 631-633.
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2009

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Malhado A.C.M., Whittaker R.J., Malhi Y., Ladle R.J., Steege H. ter, Butt N., Aragao L.E.O.C., Quesada C.A., Murakami-Araujo A., Phillips O.L., Peacock J., Lopez-Gonzalez G., Baker T.R., Anderson L.O., Arroyo L., Almeida S., Higuchi N., Killeen T.J., Monteagudo A., Neill D.A., Pitman N.C.A., Prieto A., Salomao R.P., Vasquez-M R., Laurance W.F., Ramirez A.H. 2009. Spatial distribution and functional significance of leaf lamina shape in Amazonian forest trees. BIOGEOSCIENCES 6: 1577-1590.

Malhado A.C.M., Malhi Y., Whittaker R.J., Ladle R.J., Steege H. ter, Phillips O.L., Butt N., Aragao L.E.O.C., Quesada C.A., Araujo-Murakami A., Arroyo L., Peacock J., Lopez-Gonzalez G., Baker T.R., Anderson L.O., Almeida S., Higuchi N., Killeen T.J., Monteagudo A., Neill D., Pitman N., Prieto A., Salomao R.P., Vasquez-Martinez R., Laurance W.F. 2009. Spatial trends in leaf size of Amazonian rainforest trees. BIOGEOSCIENCES 6: 1563-1576.

Phillips O.L., Aragao L.E.O.C., Lewis S.L., Fisher J.B., Lloyd J., Lopez-Gonzalez G., Malhi Y., Monteagudo A., Peacock J., Quesada C.A., Heijden G. van der, Almeida S., Amaral I., Arroyo L., Aymard G., Baker T.R., Banki O., Blanc L., Bonal D., Brando P., Chave J., Alves de Oliveira A.C., Cardozo N.D., Czimczik C.I., Feldpausch T.R., Freitas M.A., Gloor E., Higuchi N., Jimenez E., Lloyd G., Meir P., Mendoza C., Morel A., Neill D.A., Nepstad D., Patino S., Cristina P.M., Prieto A., Ramirez F., Schwarz M., Silva J., Silveira M., Thomas A.S., Steege H. ter, Stropp J., Vasquez R., Zelazowski P., Alvarez D.E., Andelman S., Andrade A., Chao K.-J., Erwin T., Di Fiore A., Honorio C.E., Keeling H., Killeen T.J., Laurance W.F., Pena Cruz A., Pitman N.C.A., Nunez V.P., Ramirez-Angulo H., Rudas A., Salamao R., Silva N., Terborgh J., Torres-Lezama A. 2009. Drought Sensitivity of the Amazon Rainforest. SCIENCE 323: 1344-1347.
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Raes N., Roos M.C., Slik J.W.F., Loon E.E. van, Steege H. ter 2009. Botanical richness and endemicity patterns of Borneo derived from species distribution models. ECOGRAPHY 32: 180-192.
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Stropp J., Steege H. ter, Malhi Y. 2009. Disentangling regional and local tree diversity in the Amazon. ECOGRAPHY 32: 46-54.
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Gloor M., Phillips O.L., Lloyd J.J., Lewis S.L., Malhi Y., Baker T.R., Lopez-Gonzalez G., Peacock J., Almeida S., Alves de Oliveira A.C., Alvarez E., Amaral I., Arroyo L., Aymard G., Banki O., Blanc L., Bonal D., Brando P., Chao K.-J., Chave J., Davila N., Erwin T., Silva J., Di Fiore A., Feldpausch T.R., Freitas A., Herrera R., Higuchi N., Honorio E., Jimenez E., Killeen T., Laurance W., Mendoza C., Monteagudo A., Andrade A., Neill D., Nepstad D., Nunez Vargas P., Penuela M.C., Pena Cruz A., Prieto A., Pitman N., Quesada C., Salomao R., Silveira M., Schwarz M., Stropp J., Ramirez F., Ramirez H., Rudas A., Steege H. ter, Silva N., Torres A., Terborgh J., Vasquez R., Heijden G. van der 2009. Does the disturbance hypothesis explain the biomass increase in basin-wide Amazon forest plot data?. GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY 15: 2418-2430.
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Mota de Oliveira S., Steege H. ter, Cornelissen J.H.C., Gradstein S.R. 2009. Niche assembly of epiphytic bryophyte communities in the Guianas: a regional approach. JOURNAL OF BIOGEOGRAPHY 36: 2076-2084.
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2008

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Hubbell S.P., He F., Condit R., Borda-de-Agua L., Kellner J., Steege H. ter 2008. How many tree species and how many of them are there in the Amazon will go extinct?. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 105: 11498-11504.
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Saatchi S., Buermann W., Steege H. ter, Mori S., Smith T.B. 2008. Modeling distribution of Amazonian tree species and diversity using remote sensing measurements. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT 112: 2000-2017.
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Hubbell S.P., He F., Condit R., Borda-de-Agua L., Kellner J., Steege H. ter 2008. Reply to Feeley and Silman: Extinction risk estimates are approximations but are not invalid. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 105: E122-E122.
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2007

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Parmentier I., Malhi Y., Senterre B., Whittaker R.J., Alonso A., Balinga M.P.B., Bakayoko A., Bongers F., Chatelain C., Comiskey J.A., Cortay R., Kamdem M.-N.D., Doucet J.-L., Gautier L., Hawthorne W.D., Issembe Y.A., Kouame F.N., Kouka L.A., Leal M.E., Lejoly J., Lewis S.L., Nusbaumer L., Parren M.P.E., Peh K.S.-H., Phillips O.L., Sheil D., Sonke B., Sosef M.S.M., Sunderland T.C.H., Stropp J., Steege H. ter, Swaine M.D., Tchouto M.G.P., Gemerden B.S. van, Valkenburg J.L.C.H. van, Woell H. 2007. The odd man out? Might climate explain the lower tree alpha-diversity of African rain forests relative to Amazonian rain forests?. JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY 95: 1058-1071.
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Hammond D.S., Steege H. ter, Borg K. van der 2007. Upland soil charcoal in the wet tropical forests of central guyana. BIOTROPICA 39: 153-160.
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Raes N., Steege H. ter 2007. A null-model for significance testing of presence-only species distribution models. ECOGRAPHY 30: 727-736.
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2006

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Nangendo G., Steege H. ter, Bongers F. 2006. Composition of woody species in a dynamic forest-woodland-savannah mosaic in Uganda: Implications for conservation and management. BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION 15: 1467-1495.
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Steege H. ter, Pitman N.C.A., Phillips O.L., Chave J., Sabatier D., Duque A., Molino J.-F., Prevost M.-F., Spichiger R., Castellanos H., Hildebrand P. von, Vasquez R. 2006. Continental-scale patterns of canopy tree composition and function across Amazonia. NATURE 443: 444-447.
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Chave J., Muller-Landau H.C., Baker T.R., Easdale T.A., Steege H. ter, Webb C.O. 2006. Regional and phylogenetic variation of wood density across 2456 neotropical tree species. ECOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS 16: 2356-2367.

2005

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Nangendo G., Stein A., Steege H. ter, Bongers F. 2005. Changes in woody plant composition of three vegetation types exposed to a similar fire regime for over 46 years. FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT 217: 351-364.
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2004

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Leigh E.G., Davidar P., Dick C.W., Puyravaud J.P., Terborgh J., Steege H. ter, Wright S.J. 2004. Why do some tropical forests have so many species of trees?. BIOTROPICA 36: 447-473.

2003

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Cornelissen J.H.C., Lavorel S., Garnier E., Diaz S., Buchmann N., Gurvich D.E., Reich P.B., Steege H. ter, Morgan H.D., Heijden M.G.A. van der, Pausas J.G., Poorter H. 2003. A handbook of protocols for standardised and easy measurement of plant functional traits worldwide. AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY 51: 335-380.
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Steege H. ter, Pitman N., Sabatier D., Castellanos H., Hout P. van der, Daly D.C., Silveira M., Phillips O., Vasquez R., Andel T. van, Duivenvoorden J., Oliveira A.A. de, Ek R., Lilwah R., Thomas R., Essen J. van, Baider C., Maas P., Mori S., Terborgh J., Vargas P.N., Mogollon H., Morawetz W. 2003. A spatial model of tree alpha-diversity and tree density for the Amazon. BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION 12: 2255-2277.

2002

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Steege H. ter, Zagt R. 2002. Ecology - Density and diversity. NATURE 417: 698-699.
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Steege H. ter, Welch I., Zagt R. 2002. Long-term effect of timber harvesting in the Bartica Triangle, Central Guyana. FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT 170: 127-144.

2001

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Steege H. ter, Hammond D.S. 2001. Character convergence, diversity, and disturbance in tropical rain forest in Guyana. ECOLOGY 82: 3197-3212.

2000

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Steege H. ter, Jansen-Jacobs M.J., Datadin V.K. 2000. Can botanical collections assist in a National Protected Area Strategy in Guyana?. BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION 9: 215-240.

Steege H. ter, Sabatier D., Castellanos H., Andel T. van, Duivenvoorden J., Oliveira A.A. de, Ek R., Lilwah R., Maas P., Mori S. 2000. An analysis of the floristic composition and diversity of Amazonian forests including those of the Guiana Shield. JOURNAL OF TROPICAL ECOLOGY 16: 801-828.

1998

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Steege H. ter 1998. The use of forest inventory data for a National Protected Area Strategy in Guyana. BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION 7: 1457-1483.

Steege H. ter 1998. Single rope techniques in tropical rain forest trees: Going down safe and sound. BIOTROPICA 30: 496-497.

Hammond D.S., Steege H. ter 1998. Propensity for fire in Guianan rainforests. CONSERVATION BIOLOGY 12: 944-947.

Journals non-SCI, peer-reviewed

Ek R.C., Steege H. ter 1998. The Flora of the Mabura Hill Area, Guyana. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 120: 461-502.

1997

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Steege H. ter, Welle B.J.H. ter, Laming P.B. 1997. The possible function of buttresses in Caryocar nuciferum (Caryocaraceae) in Guyana: ecological and wood anatomical observations. IAWA JOURNAL 18: 415-431.

1996

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Hammond D.S., Gourlet-Fleury S., Hout P. van der, Steege H. ter, Brown V.K. 1996. A compilation of known Guianan timber trees and the significance of their dispersal mode, seed size and taxonomic affinity to tropical rain forest management. FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT 83: 99-116.

1995

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Steege H. ter, Boot R., Brouwer L., Hammond D., Hout P. van der, Jetten V.G., Khan Z., Polak A.M., Raaimakers D., Zagt R. 1995. Basic and applied-research for sound rain forest management in Guyana. ECOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS 5: 904-910.

1994

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Steege H. ter 1994. Flooding and drought tolerance in seeds and seedlings of 2 Mora species segregated along a soil hydrological gradient in the tropical rain forest of Guyana. OECOLOGIA 100: 356-367.

Steege H. ter 1994. Seedling growth of Mora gonggrijpii, a large seeded climax species, under different soil and light conditions. VEGETATIO 112: 161-170.

Steege H. ter, Bokdam C., Boland M., Dobbelsteen J., Verburg I. 1994. The effects of man made gaps on germination, early survival, and morphology of Chlorocardium rodiei seedlings in Guyana. Journal of Tropical Ecology 10: 245-260.

1993

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Steege H. ter, Jetten V.G., Polak A.M., Werger M.J.A. 1993. Tropical rain forest types and soil factors in a watershed area in Guyana. JOURNAL OF VEGETATION SCIENCE 4: 705-716.

Journals non-SCI, peer-reviewed

Steege H. ter 1993. Rain forest types on a sandy watershed in Guyana. Acta Botanica Neerlandica 43: 398-399.

1991

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Steege H. ter, Persaud C.A. 1991. The phenology of Guyanese timber species: a compilation of a century of observations. VEGETATIO 95: 177-198.

1989

Journals SCI, peer-reviewed

Cornelissen J.H.C., Steege H. ter 1989. Distribution and ecology of epiphytic bryophytes and lichens in dry evergreen forest of Guyana. JOURNAL OF TROPICAL ECOLOGY 5: 131-150.

Steege H. ter, Cornelissen J.H.C. 1989. Distribution and ecology of vascular epiphytes in lowland rain forest of Guyana. BIOTROPICA 21: 331-339.

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