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Eulàlia Gassó Miracle

Drs. M.E. (Eulàlia) Gassó Miracle Forensic entomologist / Collection manager Coleoptera

Contact

E-mail: entomologiecollectie@naturalis.nl
Phone: +31 (0)71 5687553
Fax: +31 (0)71 5687666
Room Number: D3.43

I have always had an avid interest in natural history in general and in insects in particular. This has led me to study Biology and later on, to work at Naturalis, where I currently combine my research on forensic entomology with the management of (part of) the Naturalis beetle collection.

Career

After my study in Biological Systems at the University of Barcelona I worked for two years at the Science Museum Cosmocaixa in Barcelona. Since 2001 I hold a position as collection manager at Naturalis. After several years of experience with insects and museum collections, I started my training as a forensic entomologist in 2012 under the supervision of J. Huijbregts. Currently I am studying the biology, ecology and behaviour of Dutch insects of forensic importance to apply this expertise to forensic services in police casework.

Fast forward to:

Research


Research interests

My main interest is to increase our knowlegde of the Dutch entomofauna that plays a key role in the decomposition of cadavers. Casework has to be supported by research and extensive knowledge on the biology, ecology and behaviour of insects of forensic importance. By combining the lessons learned from police casework and the results of scientific research I gain an in-depth undestanding of the dynamics of insect fauna on dead bodies. This knowledge is essential to accurately interpret entomological evidence in police investigations.
Besides forensic entomology, I am also interested in the history of natural history, particularly of pre-darwinian zoological classification.

Research projects

Effect of temperature on the development of Dutch populations of forensically important blowflies (Diptera, Calliphoridae)
Laboratory studies of the development of two species of blowflies provide us with the most accurate data to help determine the minimum time since death in suspicious cases. The results are being compared with those of similar experiments carried out in other regions.

• Ecology and phenology of forensically important insects
Intensive field work allows me to gain comprehensive knowledge of the biology, activity patterns and ecological preferences of insects. This knowledge is essential to analyse and understand the entomological evidence found on dead bodies.

Forensic entomology


• Succession of insects on cadavers
Different insects are attracted to different decomposition stages of a carcass. This succession pattern is can be used as a calendar to determine time since death. In order to understand the succession of insects and the factors that influence it, we carry out field experiments in different ecological settings.

Forensic entomology molletje


• History of 19th century Natural History
By studying the scientific work at the National Museum of Natural History in Leiden (now Naturalis) between 1820 and 1860, I aim to put the scientific philosophy of museums and natural historians in the context of their time. I focus mainly on the type- and the species-concept, the origin and fixity of the species and the meaning of variations in pre-Darwinian zoology.
This project is being carried out with the support of Naturalis, the History of Astronomy group at the Leiden Observatory (Leiden University) and the Institute for History and Foundations of Science (Utrecht University).

Portrait of C. J. Temminck

C.J, Temminck (1778-1858), founder and first director of the Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie, Leiden (now Naturalis Biodiversity Center).

Publications

 
Gassó Miracle, M.E. (2011) On Whose Authority? Temminck’s Debates on Zoological Classification and Nomenclature: 1820-1850. Journal of the History of Biology. Published online: 5 January 2011 (DOI: 10.1007/s10739-010-9265-1 Online First™ )

Hoogmoed, M.S., M.E. Gassó Miracle & L.W. van den Hoek Ostende (2010). Type specimens of recent and fossil Testudines and Crocodylia in the collections of the Netherlands Centre for Biodiversity Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. Zoologische Mededelingen Leiden 84 (8): 159-199.

Gassó Miracle, M.E. (2008) The Significance of Temminck’s Work on Biogeography: Early Nineteenth Century Natural History in Leiden, The Netherlands. Journal of the History of Biology 41: 677- 716. Published online: 11 July 2008 (DOI: 10.1007/s10739-008-9158-8).

Gassó Miracle, M.E., van den Hoek Ostende, L.W. & Arntzen, J.W. (2007) Type specimens of amphibians in the National Museum of Natural History, Leiden, The Netherlands. Zootaxa 1482: 25–68

Van Tol, J., Gassó Miracle, M.E., de Jong, R. & van Nieukerken, E. (2007) Results of the Invertebrate Surveys in the Gunung Lumut Protection Forest. In: de Jongh, H., Persoon, G. & Kustiawan, W. (eds.) Options for Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use in Lowland Forests of Southeast Borneo. Proceedings of a workshop organized on 19 May 2006 in Leiden, The Netherlands. Leiden, April 2007.

Keijl G.O., Nieukerken E.J. van & Gassó Miracle M.E. (2006)Naturalis: a mity collection. Acarology: proceedings of the 12th International Congress (Amsterdam, 21-26 September 2006)

Gassó Miracle, M.E. (1997). La reproducción de los crocodílidos. Aspectos importantes para su manejo y conservación. Psitàcid, 2: 11-15. DEPANA, Barcelona.

Gassó Miracle, M.E. et al., (1997). Enginyeria genètica... sense fronteres? Illacrua, 51/Ecoilla 1-4. Barcelona.

in preparation:

Gassó Miracle, M.E. Type specimens of the tribus Goliathini, Cetoniidae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea) in the National Museum of Natural History, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Collection


Coleoptera Collections

With J. Huijbregts and B. Brugge of the Entomology department, I am responsible for the management (acquisition, development, archive), care (storage management, preparation, restoration) and accessibility (publication, data capture and loan policy) of the Coleopteran collection.

Digitalization Project

Since 2011 I am Process Owner of the Digitalization Project of the Entomological collections. As process owner I am responsible of the planning, the coordination of the process and of ensuring the quality of the data. My main role is that of bridging collection management and the digistreet.



Cetoniidae Collection

An electronic database will improve dramatically the accessibility of this collection and facilitate the progress of studies and taxonomical revisions. Therefore, I am currently - and painstakingly - elaborating a checklist of the Cetoniidae collection. This list will include all species housed here (following Krikken, 1984), the number of specimens, locality data and, if relevant, the type-status. While entering the data into an electronic database, those specimens deteriorating receive immediate attention. Rusting pins and not-well prepared specimens are the main problems. At the same time, the specimens from the collection of Van Roon and specimens identified by Dr. P. Kuyten (professor at the Leiden University) are being added to the main collection and, of course, registered.

When finished, the checklist and the properly curated, fully accessible Cetonid collection will hopefully serve as an outstanding tool for researchers to work with.

Catalogue of the type specimens of the family Cetoniidae

Type specimens of species described by A. Raffray, J.O. Westwood, A. Russel Wallace, I. Pouillaude and J. Krikken, among many other authors, are kept in the Naturalis collection. At this moment, however, we do not know exactly how many types of Cetonid beetles are deposited in Naturalis, although some researchers have already scanned the collection.

J.T. Wiebes (conservator from 1952 to 1970 and Jan Krikken’s predecessor) published in 1968 the fist part of a bigger project that, unfortunately, could not be finished: a catalogue of the Cetoniidae in the Leiden Museum.  Wiebes first section of the catalogue was a checklist of all Goliathus specimens in Naturalis, including type specimens and also those of the Van Roon collection, not yet incorporated in the main Cetonid collection. He revised the synonymy and proposed some nomenclatural changes as well.

A second catalogue, very similar to Wiebes’, was published in 1970 by conservator C. de Jong. His catalogue is a checklist of the Lomaptera specimensin Naturalis and in the Zoological Museum Amsterdam. The taxonomy of this catalogue was based in the monography on Lomaptera written by Valck Lucassen, published posthumously in 1961 [Monographie du genre Lomaptera Gory & Percheron (Coleoptera, Cetonidae). Amsterdam, iv + 299  pp., 731 + 28 figs., 1 map]

Eugène Marais (Namibian National Insect Collection) and Erik Holm (University of Pretoria) listed several types from the Leiden collection in their Type Catalogue and Bibliography of the Cetoniinae of Sub- Saharan Africa [1992, Cimbebasia Memoir 8: 1-125]. Some Asian types are listed in Milan Krajcik’s Cetoniidae of the World [1998, Catalogue-Part 1 and 1999, Catalogue-Part 2, Typos Studio], but this is not a complete listing.

 

Syntype of Dicranocephalus Bourgoini Pouillaude, 1914

The Cetoniidae type material is being described, registered, numbered and photographed, including all the labels. At the end of the project, an annotated type catalogue will be published.

The Cetoniidae type material is being described, registered, numbered and photographed, including all the labels. This information, together with scans of the original descriptions of the species, will be accessible on the Internet as a searchable virtual type collection. At the end of the project, an annotated type catalogus will be published. As the work progresses, more data will be made available at this site. 

The complete bibliography can be found here.

Goliathini: Coryphocerina (Afr.)

Genyodonta holubi  Schoch, G. (1895). Die Genera und Species meiner Cetonidensammlung.  Zürich : E. Zwingli Vol. 2 1st Edn  pp. 86–147 [12, 141]. pdf

Type data: syntype (probable) RMNH.INS.60029 , 1 m. ("Exempl. tipique. ex coll. Nickerl Prague Genyodonta Holubi Nickerl in litt.= flavomaculata F." Ex. coll. Valck Lucassen) Type locality: "vom Cap".  

Current name: Anisorrhina flavomaculata (Fabricius, 1798)


Genyodonta fissicornis  
Bourgoin, A. (1919). Scarabeidae. Trichiini et Cetoniini. pp. 121–189 in Alluaud, Ch. and Jeannel, R. Voyage de Ch. Alluaud et R. Jeannel en Afrique orientale (1911-1912). Résultats Scientifiques. Insectes Coléoptères. Paris : L. Lhomme Vol. 14 [144] [junior synonym of G. flavoplagiata Moser, 1919]. pdf

Type data: syntypes RMNH.INS.60025- 60028,  1 m., 3 f. (Coll. Alluaud & Jeannel; Coll. Valck Lucassen). Type locality: "Afrique Orientale Anglaise: forêt de Nairobi, alt. 1700 m., st. no 28".  

Current name: Anisorrhina flavoplagiata (Moser, 1919)


Heterorhina (Anisorhina) laevicauda
 Bates, H.W. (1881). New Cetoniidae from East Central Africa. Entomol. Mon. Mag. 18: 156–157 [157] pdf

Type data: syntypes RMNH.INS.60031-60032, 1 m., 1 f. (ex. coll. Bates, Armitage coll.; ex coll. Valck Lucassen; ex coll. O.E. Janson) Type locality: Mamboia, East Africa.  

Current name: Anisorrhina laevicauda (Bates, 1881) 


Genyodonta plagiata  
Kraatz, G. (1899). Genyodonta plagiata Kraatz.  Dtsch. Entomol. Z.1899(2): 239 [239] pdf

Type data: holotype RMNH.INS.60033, 1 f. (label: "Afr. or. Kitwi"; "ex coll. Hauseri") Type locality: "Africa orientalis (Ukambani)"

Current name: Anisorrhina palliata Gerstaecker, 1884


Genyodonta quadricornis  
Janson, O.E. (1884). Notices of new or little known Cetoniidae, no. 9. Cist. Ent. 3: 103–106 [104] pdf

Type data: syntype RMNH.INS.60030, 1 m. (ex. coll. O.E. Janson, ex. verz. Valck Lucassen).Type locality: Zambesi (Bradshaw) 

Current name: Anisorrhina quadricornis (Janson, 1884)


A
sthenorhella leonina  Westwood, J.O. (1873). Thesaurus Entomologicus Oxoniensis. Oxford : Clarendon Press 1st Edn  pp. 1–56 [4] pdf

Type data: syntypes RMNH.INS.60034, 1 f. (ex coll Thomson/Janson/Valck Lucassen. It was identified as "Tamisonia deyrollei Th.",  E.O. Janson's handwriting) Type locality: "Sierra Leone", West Africa.  

Current name: Asthenorhella leonina Westwood, 1873


Asthenorhina turneri  
Westwood, J.O. (1844). Illustrations of two new goliath beetles. pp. 71–72 in Westwood, J.O. (ed.) Arcana Entomologica.  London : William Smith Vol. 2 [72]pdf

Type data: syntypes RMNH.INS.60035-60036, 2 m.  (ex coll. Turner/ Janson/ Valck Lucassen) Type locality: "Africa Tropicali, Ashantee".  

Current name: Asthenorhina turneri Westwood, 1844 


Eccoptocnemis barthi ruviventris 
Moser, J. (1908). Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Cetoniden IV. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 52: 85–96 [85] pdf

Type data: syntype RMNH.INS.60037, 1 ex. (ex coll. Valck Lucassen. Labelled "J. Moser determ. / coll Dr. Ondry, Praag") Type locality: "D.O. Afrika".  

Current name: Caelorrhina barthi ruviventris (Moser, 1908)


Eccoptocnemis relucens  
Bates, H.W. (1881). New Cetoniidae from East Central Africa. Entomol. Mon. Mag. 18: 156–157 [157] pdf

Type data: syntype RMNH.INS.60038, 1 m. (Ex coll. Valck Lucassen (O.E. Janson)) Type locality: Mamboia, East Africa [Tanzania]

Current name: Caelorrhina relucens (Bates, 1881) 


Eccoptocnemis semiviridis  
Bourgoin, A. (1919). Scarabeidae. Trichiini et Cetoniini. pp. 121–189 in Alluaud, Ch. and Jeannel, R. Voyage de Ch. Alluaud et R. Jeannel en Afrique orientale (1911-1912). Résultats Scientifiques. Insectes Coléoptères. Paris : L. Lhomme Vol. 14 [142; pl. VII fig. 4]

Type data: syntype RMNH.INS.60039, 1 f. (Ex coll. Valck Lucassen (O.E. Janson). Collected by Alluaud & Jeannel, 14-18 april 1912) Type locality: Tanga, Kulumuzi (Gr. E. Africa) [Tanzania]

Current name: Caelorrhina semiviridis (Bourgoin, 1919) 

Heterorrhina infuscata  Snellen van Vollenhoven, S.C. (1864). Description de quelques espéces nouvelles de Coleoptéres. Tijdschr. Entomol. 7: 145–170 [151]

Type data: holotype RMNH.INS.60043, 1 ex. ("Kust van Guinea",  coll.: H.S. Pel) Type locality: "S. George del Mina in Guinea" [Elmina, Ghana]

Current name: Chlorocala africana (Drury, 1773) 

Smaragdesthes conradsi  Kolbe, H. (1913). Zur Kenntnis der Fauna der Insel Ukerewe: Coleoptera, Lamellicornia. Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berl. 3: 192–218. [213]

Type data: syntypes RMNH.INS.60041-60042, 2 m. (ex coll. F.T. Valck Lucassen),  RMNH RMNH.INS.60 042 1 (ex coll. F.T. Valck Lucassen) Type locality: "I. Ukerewe, D. O. Afrika" [Tanzania]

Current name: Chlorocala africana camerunica (Moser, 1910) 

Smaragdesthes oertzeni kilimana Kolbe, H.J. (1907). Ueber einige Cetoniiden Afrikas.Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 51: 370–375 [375]

Type data: syntypes RMNH.INS.60 044-60045, 1 m.,1f. Type locality: "Kilimandjaro", Tanzania.  

Current name: Chlorocala africana oertzeni (Kolbe, 1895) 

Smaragdesthes africana tangana Schürhoff, P.N. (1935). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Cetoniden (Col.) VII. Mitt. Münch. Entomol. Ges. 6(3/4): 21–28 [23]

Type data: syntype RMNH.INS.60047, 1 m. (ex coll. Valck Lucassen) Type locality: Dtsch. O. Afrika "Tanga".  

Curent name: Chlorocala africana subsuturalis (Kraatz, 1891) 

Smaragdesthes guerini  Janson, O.E. (1888). Descriptions of new Cetoniidae. Notes Leyden Mus. 10: 107–117 [107]

Type data: holotype RMNH.INS.60046,  1 ex. (named after the artists of figure 6, pl. 21, in Gory and Percheron, Monographie des Cétoines) Type locality: "Senegal, Petit".  

Current name: Chlorocala guerini (Janson, 1888) 

Cetonia viridicyanea  Palisot de Beauvois, A.M.F.J. (1821). Insectes receuillis en Afrique et en Amerique dans les royaumes d'Oware et de Benin, à Saint-Dominique et dans les Etats-Unis, pendant les années 1786-1797 Paris : Fain et Compagnie pp. 1–276 [29]

Type data: syntype RMNH.INS.60048, 1 m. (ex mus. Beauvoisi; ex coll. Valck Lucassen (O.E. Janson)).Type locality: W. Africa, Oware.  

Current name: Chlorocala viridicyanea (Palisot, 1821) 

Chondrorrhina picturata bradshawi Neervoort van de Poll, J.H.R. (1886). Ueber die Gattung Clithria Burm. Dtsch. Entomol. Z. XXX: 297–300 [300]

Type data: syntype RMNH.INS.60049, 1 m. (Coll: Bradshaw. 1878. Ex coll. Valck Lucassen (O.E. Janson)) Type locality: Zambesi.  

Current name: Chondrorrhina picturata (Harold, 1878)  

Goliathus (Eudicellus) auratus  Westwood, J.O. (1841). Insectorum novorum Centuria. Decadis secundae, ex ordine Coleopterorum Synopsis.  Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (2)8: 203–205 [204]

Type data: syntype  RMNH.INS.60050, 1 f. (ex coll. Turner; ex coll. Valck Lucassen (O.E. Janson)).Type locality: "Cameroons".  

Current name: Cyprolais aurata (Westwood, 1841) 

Coelorrhina cornuta  Heath, E.A. (1904). Descriptions of two new cetonid beetles from British East Africa. Entomologist 37: 101–102 [101]

Type data: syntypes RMNH.INS.60051-60052 1 m.,1 f. (ex. coll. Heath, ex. coll. Valck Lucassen (O.E. Janson)).Type locality: Kikuyu, British East Africa [Kenya]

Current name: Cyprolais cornuta (Heath, 1904) 

Ceratorrhina loricata  Janson, O.E. (1877). Notices of new or little known Cetoniidae.  Cist. Ent. (1875-1882)2: 141–147 [141]

Type data: holotype RMNH.INS.60053, 1 m. (ex coll. Valck Lucassen (O.E. Janson)) Type locality: "Angola".  

Current name: Cyprolais loricata (Janson, 1877) 

Discelachilus woodi  Waterhouse, C.O. (1905). Three new Coleoptera from E. Africa belonging to the Lucanidae and Cetoniidae. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7)15: 375–377 [377]

Type data: syntype RMNH.INS.60054, 1 m. (Ex coll. Valck Lucassen, ex coll. O.E. Janson. "Rev. A.N. Wood. Taken in his garden. 1905") Type locality: Itumba, Usambara, Tanzania.  

Current name: Dicelachilus woodi Waterhouse, 1905 

Dyspilophora distincta  Neervoort van de Poll, J.H.R. (1886). Description of a new Cetonid from West-Africa (Congo).  Tijdschr. Entomol. 29: 155–156 [155]

Type data: syntype RMNH.INS.60055, 1 m. (ex coll. Van de Poll, ex coll. Valck Lucassen, O.E. Janson) Type locality: Banana L. Congo R.  

Current name: Dyspilophora distincta Neervoort van de Poll, 1886  

Eudicella chloe  Raffray, A. (1885). Note sur la dispersion géographique des Coléoptères en Abyssinie, et descriptions d'espèces nouvelles. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (1885)5(6): 293–326 [325] 

Type data: syntype RMNH.INS.60058, 1 f. (ex Coll. O.E. Janson; Valck Lucassen/ 'E. chloë, male, fem. types. "Je vien ai jamais en que 2" Raffray in letter of 17-xi-20') Type locality: Ethiopia, Bogos.  

Current name: Eudicella chloe Raffray, 1885 

Ceratorhina (Eudicella) frontalis  Westwood, J.O. (1843). On the Goliathideous Cetoniidae of Africa. Part 1 & Part 2. pp. 163–188 in Westwood, J.O. (ed.) Arcana Entomologica. London : Smith Vol. 1 1st Edn 190 pp. [176]

Type data: syntypes RMNH.INS.60061-60062 1 m.,1 f. (ex. coll. Turner; coll. Janson; coll. Valck Lucassen.) Type locality: Gold Coast.  

Current name: Eudicella frontalis (Westwood, 1843) 

Eudicella morgani schultzeorum Kolbe, H. (1906). Mitteilungen über die Fauna der Coleopteren in den Landschaften südlich vom Tschadsee (Tsâde).  Berl. Entomol. Z. 51: 334–345 [341]

Type data: syntype (probable) RMNH.INS.60063, 1 m. (ex coll. Kolbe, ex coll. Valck Lucassen) Type locality: Bornu, Adamaua.   

Current name: Eudicella schultzeorum Kolbe, 1906 

Eudicella smithi castanoptera Janson, O.E. (1912). List of the Cetoniidae collected by Dr. E. Bayon in Uganda.  Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. (3)5(12): 256–272 [257]

Type data: syntypes RMNH.INS.60056-60057 1 m.,1 f. (coll. E. Bayon, ex coll O.E. Janson, ex coll. Valck Lucassen) Type locality: Uganda, Vira, Prov. Buddu.  

Current name: Eudicella smithi castanoptera Janson, 1912 

Eudicella smithi montana Kolbe, H.J. (1907). Ueber einige Cetoniiden Afrikas. Ann. Soc.Entomol. Belg. 51: 370–375 [373]

Type data: syntypes (probable) RMNH.INS.60059-60060, 1 m., 1 f. ("ex coll. Gérard, Genève, acq. 1927" "donekier Paris") Type locality: Kilimanscharo, Deutsch Ost-Afrika.  

Current name: Eudicella smithi montana Kolbe, 1907 

Eudicella hacquardi  Oberthür, R. (1880). Bull. Soc. Ent. France.  Bull. Soc. Entomol. Fr.1880: 119 [119]

Type data: syntypes RMNH.INS.60065-60066 1 m., 1 f. (ex coll. Hacquard; ex coll. Valck Lucassen (O.E. Janson)) Type locality: Mhonda, Zanzibar [Tanzania].  

Current name: Eudicella smithi trilineata Quedenfeldt, 1880 

Eudicella trimeni  Janson, O.E. (1884). Notices of new or little known Cetoniidae, no. 9.Cist. Ent. 3: 103–106 [103]

Type data: holotype RMNH.INS.60064, 1 f. (ex coll. Janson, ex coll. Valck Lucassen) Type locality: Tunjumbili, Umvoti, Natal, South Africa.  

Current name: Eudicella trimeni Janson, 1884 

Gnathocera rufipes  Janson, O.E. (1877). Notices of new or little known Cetoniidae. No 3.Cist. Ent. 2: 247–264 [250].

Type data: syntypes RMNH.INS.60083-60084; 1m., 1f. (ex coll. Janson, ex coll. Valck Lucasen). Type locality: Angola.

Current name: Gnathocera angolensis Westwood, 1854 

Gnathocera cruda  Janson, O.E. (1875). Notices of new or little known Cetoniidae. No 3.Cist. Ent. 2: 247–264 [253].

Type data: syntypes RMNH.INS.60067-RMNH.INS.60068; 1m., 1f. (leg. F.A.A. Simons; ex. coll. Janson, coll. Valck Lucassen). Type locality: Malawi, "Livingstonia, Lake Nyassa".

Current name: Gnathocera cruda Janson, 1875 

Gnathocera hyacinthina  Janson, O.E. (1885). Notices of new or little known Cetoniidae. No 10. Cist. Ent. 3: 139–152 [143].

Type data: holotype RMNH.INS.60069, 1m. (leg. Boëndorf, ex coll. Janson. coll. Valck Lucassen.). Type locality: Semmio, Nyamnyams.

Current name: Gnathocera hyacinthina Janson, 1885 

Gnathocera legrosi  Janson, O.E. (1900). List of the species of Gnathocera in the collection of the Royal Museum Brussels, with descriptions of two new species.  Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 44: 462–466 [465].

Type data: syntypes RMNH.INS.60073-RMNH.INS.60074; 1m., 1f. (leg. A.V. Legros, ex coll. Janson, coll Valck Lucassen.). Type locality: British East Africa [Kenya], Lake Nakuro.

Current name: Gnathocera legrosi Janson, 1900 

Gnathocera gracilis  Janson, O.E. (1877). Notices of new or little known Cetoniidae. No 3.Cist. Ent. 2: 247–264 [252].

Type data: holotype RMNH.INS.60070, 1m. (leg. Welwitsch; ex coll. Janson, coll. Valck Lucassen.). Type locality: Angola.

Current name: Gnathocera lurida Janson, 1877 

Gnathocera lurida  Janson, O.E. (1877). Notices of new or little known Cetoniidae. No 3.Cist. Ent. 2: 247–264 [251].

Type data: syntypes RMNH.INS.60071-RMNH.INS.60072; 1f.,1m. (leg. Welwitsch; ex. coll Janson, coll. Valck Lucassen.). Type locality: Angola. 

Current name: Gnathocera lurida Janson, 1877 

Gnathocera marginata  Janson, O.E. (1885). Notices of new or little known Cetoniidae. No 10. Cist. Ent. 3: 139–152 [145].

Type data: syntypes RMNH.INS.60075-RMNH.INS.60076; 1m.,1f. (leg.: Candèze, ex coll. Janson, ex coll. Valck Lucassen.). Type locality: "Congo District, West Africa".

Current name: Gnathocera marginata Janson, 1885 

Gnathocera pilosa  Kraatz, G. (1897). Eine neue Gnathocera aus Ostafrica. Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 1897: 408 [408].

Type data: syntypes RMNH.INS.60077-RMNH.INS.60078; 1m., 2f.  ("from Dr. G. Kraatz, 1900"; ex coll Janson, ex coll Valck Lucassen). Type locality: Burundi; Rwanda.

Current name: Gnathocera pilosa Kraatz, 1897 

Gnathocera pubescens  Janson, O.E. (1885). Notices of new or little known Cetoniidae. No 10. Cist. Ent. 3: 139–152 [144].

Type data: syntypes RMNH.INS.60081-60082; 1m., 1f. (leg: E. Candèze, ex coll. Janson, ex coll. Valck Lucassen; (RMNH.INS.60082 female: head missing!) Type locality: "Congo R., W. Africa".

Current name: Gnathocera pubescens Janson, 1885 

Gnathocera semiviridis  Kraatz, G. (1898). Vier neue westafricanische Gnathocera-Arten. Dtsch. Entomol. Z. (2)1898: 201–204 [203].

Type data: syntype RMNH RMNH.INS.60085, 1ex. ("from Dr. G. Kraatz, 1900", ex coll. Janson, ex coll. Valck Lucassen). Type locality: "Adamana, West Africa".

Current name: Gnathocera semiviridis Kraatz, 1898 

Gnathocera propinqua  Bourgoin, A. (1921). Résultats scientifiques. Insectes Coleoptères. Cetoniini. pp. 1–44 in Babault, G. (ed.) Voyage e Guy Babault en Afrique orientale (1912-1913).  

Type data: syntypes RMNH.INS.60079, 1f. ("ex coll. Vitalis de Salvara; acq. Clermont", ex coll. Valck Lucassen),  RMNH RMNH.INS.60080, 1m. ("ex coll. Vitalis de Salvara, acq. Clermont, 1928",  "G. Babault, 1913". Ex coll. Valck Lucassen.). Type locality: Yala River [Kenya], Env. de Kalmosi, Fôret de Kakamegoes, Mont Elgon [Uganda].

Current name: Gnathocera trivittata Swederus, 1787 

Gnathocera concolor  Kraatz, G. (1898). Vier neue westafricanische Gnathocera-Arten. Dtsch. Entomol. Z. (2)1898: 201–204 [202].

Type data: syntype RMNH.INS.60087, 1f. (ex coll. O.E. Janson, ex coll. Valck Lucassen, "from G. Kraatz, 1900"). Type locality: Adamana, W. Africa.

Current name: Gnathocera trivittata amitina Kolbe, 1914 

Gnathocera nyansana  Kolbe, H. (1913). Zur Kenntnis der Fauna der Insel Ukerewe: Coleoptera, Lamellicornia. Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berl. 3: 192–218 [215].

Type data: syntype RMNH.INS.60086, 1f. Type locality: I. Ukerewe [Tanzania].

Current name: Gnathocera trivittata nyansana Kolbe, 1913 

Gnathocera truncata  Janson, O.E. (1900). List of the species of Gnathocera in the collection of the Royal Museum Brussels, with descriptions of two new species.  Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 44: 462–466 [463].

Type data: syntype RMNH.INS.60088, 1m. (ex coll. O.E. Janson, ex coll. Valck Lucassen, "J. Duvivier"). Type locality: Moliro, Tanganyika.

Current name: Gnathocera truncata Janson, 1900 

Gnathocera valida  Janson, O.E. (1884). Notices of new or little known Cetoniidae, no. 9.Cist. Ent. 3: 103–106 [105].

Type data: syntype RMNH.INS.60089, 1f. (ex coll. O.E. Janson, ex coll. Valck Lucassen).Type locality: "Zambesi (Bradshaw)".

Current name: Gnathocera valida Janson, 1884 

Gnathocera villosa  Janson, O.E. (1877). Notices of new or little known Cetoniidae. No 3.Cist. Ent. 2: 247–264 [254].

Type data: syntypes RMNH.INS.60090-60091; 1m., 1f. (ex coll. O.E. Janson, ex coll. Valck Lucassen). Type locality: Angola.

Current name: Gnathocera villosa Janson, 1877 

Melinesthes serripes  Janson, O.E. (1885). Notices of new or little known Cetoniidae. No 10. Cist. Ent. 3: 139–152 [142].

Type data: syntypes RMNH.INS.60093-60094; 1f., 1m. (ex coll. O.E. Janson, ex coll. Valck Lucassen). Type locality: "E. Africa", Mozambique, Inhambane.

Current name: Inhambane serripes (Janson, 1885)

Endodonta vanderkelleni  Lansberge, J.W. (1886). Scarabaeides, Buprestides et Cérambycides de l'Afrique occidentale, envoyés au Musée de Leyde par MM. Veth et Van der Kellen. Notes Leyden Mus. 8: 69–120 [108].

Type data: holotype RMNH.INS.60092, 1m. (ex. coll. Valck Lucassen (ex coll. O.E. Janson); ex coll Van der Poll, "from Ritsema"). Type locality: Angola, Kumpata.

Current name: Lansbergia vanderkelleni (Lansberge, 1886) 

Mecynorhina oberthueri  Fairmaire, L. (1903). Description d'une nouvelle espèce de Goliathide provenant de l'Ukami. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 1903: 261 [261].

Type data: syntype RMNH.INS.60095, 1m. ("from R. Oberthür"). Type locality: German East Africa [Tanzania], Ukami.

Current name: Mecynorhina oberthueri Fairmaire, 1903 

Melinesthes calvipes  Janson, O.E. (1885). Notices of new or little known Cetoniidae. No 10. Cist. Ent. 3: 139–152 [140].

Type data: holotype RMNH.INS.60096, 1m. (ex coll. O.E. Janson, ex coll. Valck Lucassen).Type locality: "Basuto Land, S. Africa" [Lesotho].

Current name: Melinesthes algoensis (Westwood, 1843) 

Melinesthes exilis  Janson, O.E. (1885). Notices of new or little known Cetoniidae. No 10.Cist. Ent. 3: 139–152 [141].

Type data: holotype RMNH.INS.60097, 1m. (ex coll. O.E. Janson, ex coll. Valck Lucassen).Type locality: Natal, South Africa.

Current name: Melinesthes exilis Janson, 1885 

Melinesthes hamula  Janson, O.E. (1885). Notices of new or little known Cetoniidae. No 10.Cist. Ent. 3: 139–152 [141].

Type data: syntypes RMNH.INS.60098-60099; 1m., 1f. (male: ex coll. Turner; female: coll. Parry. Ex coll. O.E. Janson, ex coll. Valck Lucassen). Type locality: male: "S.E. Africa"; female: "Natal".

Current name: Melinesthes hamula Janson, 1885 

Melinesthes manowensis  Schürhoff, P.N. (1933). Weitere beiträge zur kenntnis der Cetoniden (Col.) Mitt. Dtsch. Entomol. Ges. 4(7): 97–102 [97].

Type data: syntypes RMNH.INS.60100-60101; 1m., 1f. (ex coll. Valck Lucassen). Type locality: "D.O. Africa, Manow".

Current name: Melinesthes manowensis Schürhoff, 1933 

Melinesthes roggemani  Krikken, J. (1987). A new Melinesthes from Rwanda, with notes on related species (Coleoptera: Cetoniidae) Haroldius 2: 6–14 [10] Unavailable name: art. 8 & 9 of IZCN (see also Marais & Holm, 1992. Cimbebasia 8: 51)

Type data: syntypes RMNH 2f., 1m. (ex coll. Roggeman). Type locality: Rwanda, Nyarubuye; Rwanda, Mt. Kigali. 

Melinesthes umbonata atricollis Janson, O.E. (1885). Notices of new or little known Cetoniidae. No 10. Cist. Ent. 3: 139–152 [139]

Type data: syntypes RMNH.INS.60102-60103, 2m. (ex coll. O.E. Janson, ex coll. Valck Lucassen. RMNH.INS.60102: "coll. Turner".  Type locality: "S.E. Africa, Natal".

Current name: Melinesthes umbonata (Gory & Percheron, 1833) 

Neptunides polychrous marginipennis Moser, J. (1904). Neue afrikanische Cetoniden-Arten.  Berl. Entomol. Z. 48: 59–70 [59]

Type data: syntype RMNH.INS.60104, 1m. (ex coll. G.A. Higlett, ex coll. O.E. Janson, ex coll. Valck Lucassen). Type locality: Gr. E.Africa [Tanzania], Mahenge, Uluguruberge.

Current name: Neptunides polychrous J. Thomson, 1879 

Neptunides stanleyi  Janson, O.E. (1889). Description of a new Goliath beetle from Central Africa.  Entomologist 22: 40–41 [40].

Type data: syntypes RMNH.INS.60105-60106; 1m., 1f. (female: leg Mons. Denoit, ex coll. Oberthür; ex coll. O.E. Janson, ex coll. Valck Lucassen). Type locality: male: Upper Congo, Stanley Falls; female: Uganda.

Current name: Neptunides stanleyi Janson, 1889 

Plaesiorrhina ugandensis  Heath, E.A. (1903). Description of a new Cetoniid beetle from British East Africa.  Entomologist 36: 98 [98].

Type data: syntypes RMNH.INS.60110-60111; 2 ex. ("from Dr. Heath"; ex coll. O.E. Janson, ex coll. Valck Lucassen). Type locality: British East Africa, Uganda.

Current name: Plaesiorrhinella cinctuta Voet, 1779 

Plaesiorrhina ugandensis decepta Janson, O.E. (1911). List of the Cetoniidae collected by Dr. E Bayon in Uganda.  Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 'Giacomo Doria' (3)5: 256–272 [260]

Type data: syntypes RMNH.INS.60107-60109; 3 ex. (RMNH.INS.60108-60109: ex. coll. Dr. E Bayon; ex coll. O.E. Janson, ex coll. Valck Lucassen). Type locality: Uganda; Victoria Nyanza.

Current name: Plaesiorrhinella cinctuta Voet, 1779 

Ptychodesthes schenklingi  Moser, J. (1917). Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Cetoniden XVI. Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 1917: 2 [2].

Type data: syntype RMNH.INS.60112, 1m. (ex coll. Kraatz; ex coll. Valck Lucassen). Type locality: "Goldkuste" [Gold coast, Ghana].

Current name: Ptychodesthes schenklingi Moser, 1917 

Heteroclita jansoni  Distant, W.L. (1897). Coleoptera collected in the Transvaal.  Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6)19: 575–579 [577].

Type data: syntypes RMNH.INS.60113-60114; 2m. (leg. W.L. Distant, ex coll. O.E. Janson, ex coll. Valck Lucassen). Type locality: Trasvaal, Pretoria.

Current name: Raceloma jansoni (Distant, 1897)  

Goliathini: Dicronocephalina (Or.)

Dicranocephalus bieti  Pouillaude, I. (1914). Le genre Dicranocephalus Hope (Col. Cetonides).  Insecta Mundi 4: 269–303 [273]

Type data: syntypes (probable) RMNH RMNH.INS.60006-60007, 1 m., 1 f. (from the Oberthür collection, purchased by Valck Lucassen; these specimens probably belong to the original type series).Type locality: Chine, Ou-Sy.  

Current name: Dicronocephalus bieti Pouillaude, 1914 

Dicranocephalus bourgoini  Pouillaude, I. (1914). Le genre Dicranocephalus Hope (Col. Cetonides).  Insecta Mundi 4: 269–303 [293]

Type data: syntypes RMNH.INS.60008-60023, 10 m., 6 f. (coll.: Sauter, 1912; ex. coll. Valck Lucassen).Type locality: Formosa, Kosempo.  

Current name: Dicronocephalus bourgoini Pouillaude, 1914 

Goliathini: Goliathina (Afr.)

General references: Schenkling, S. (1921). Scarabaeidae: Cetoninae. pp. 1–431 in Junk, W. (ed.) Coleopterorum Catalogus. Pars 72. Berlin-'s-Gravenhage : Verlag für Naturwissenschaften Vol. 21 1st Edn [4].   For alternative taxonomic arrangement, see Wiebes, J.T. (1968). Catalogue of the Coleoptera Cetoniidae in the Leiden Museum. 1. Goliathus Lamarck sensu lato.  Zool. Meded. (Leiden) (3)43: 19–40 [20].   

Goliathinus aureosparsus  Neervoort van de Poll, J.R.H. (1890). Description of a new Goliathid from the Cameroons.  Notes Leyden Mus. (12)1890: 131–134 [131]

Type data: holotype RMNH.INS.60004, 1 f. Type locality: Barombi, Cameroons (W. Africa)

Current name: Fornasinius aureosparsus (Neervoort van de Poll, 1890) 

Fornasinius hauseri  Kraatz, G. (1896). Fornasinius Hauseri, eine neue Goliathiden-Art aus Kamerun.  Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 1896: 67–70 [67] [junior objective synonym of Fornasinius fornasinii Bertoloni, 1853]

Type data: syntypes (probable) RMNH.INS.60002, 1 m. (genit. Cet. prep. nr. 13, ex. Coll. Valck Lucassen),  RMNH.INS.60003 , 1 f. Type locality: "Jkutha" [Ikutha, Kenya]

Compiled from secondary source: Wiebes, J.T. (1968). Catalogue of the Coleoptera Cetoniidae in the Leiden Museum. 1. Goliathus Lamarck sensu lato.  Zool. Meded. (Leiden)(3)43: 19–40 [31] (According to Wiebes, the specimens from Jkutha probably did not belong to Kraatz's type series.).   

Current name: Fornasinius fornasinii Bertoloni, 1853 

Goliathus meleagris  Sjöstedt, Y. (1927). Goliathus meleagris n. sp. Entomol. Tidskr. (48)2: 123 [123] pdf

Type data: syntypes (probable) RMNH.INS.60001, 1 m. Type locality: Kinda, Katanga [Congo DRC]

Compiled from secondary source: Wiebes, J.T. (1968). Catalogue of the Coleoptera Cetoniidae in the Leiden Museum. 1. Goliathus Lamarck sensu lato.  Zool. Meded. (Leiden)(3)43: 19–40 [26] (Catalogued as "cotype of G. meleagris Sjöstedt")

Current name: Goliathus orientalis Moser, 1909 


Goliathus (Goliathinus) pluto  
Raffray, A. (1880). Description d'une nouvelle espèce de Coléoptère d'Abyssinie (Goliathus (Goliathinus) Pluto Raffr.).  Bull. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 1880: 123 [123]

Type data: lectotype RMNH.INS.60005, 1 m. (Invalid lectotype designation?) Type locality: Bogos, Ethiopia.

Compiled from secondary source: Marais, E. & Holm, E. (1992). Type Catalogue and Bibliography of the Cetoniinae of Sub-Saharan Africa.  Cimbebasia 8: 125 [34] (Types are listed to be in MNHN (2 types) and in ZSMC (2 types)).   

Current name: Hegemus pluto (Raffray, 1880) 

Goliathini: Ichnestomina (Afr.)  

Ichnostoma lacordairei  Lacordaire, T. (1860). Histoire naturelle des Insectes. Genera des Coléoptères ou exposé methodique et critique de tous les genres proposés jusqu'ici dans cet ordre d'Insectes. Atlas. Paris : Roret Vol. 13 (Atlas) 1st Edn  [38,2] pdf

This species is based on an artefact, with the body of a Trichostetha, to which it was transferred by Holm & Marais (1988). Listed by Schenkling as Ichnostoma Lacordairei J. Thomson in Lacord. Gen. Col. Altlas, t. 38, fig. 2. (Coleopterorum Catalogus, p. 80)

Type data: lectotype RMNH.INS.60024, 1 m. (ex. Coll. Valck Lucassen; ex. coll. E.O. Janson; ex. coll. J. Thomson) Type locality: "Afrique austr."


Subsequent designation: Holm, E., Marais,E. (1988). Revision of African Cetoniinae I: Genus Trichostetha Burmeister (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) Cimbebasia 10: 51–65 [59] (Lectotype designation)

Compiled from secondary sources:

Thomson, J. (1860). Musée Scientifique ou Recueil d'Histoire Naturelle. Paris : Imprimerie Bouchard-Huzard 1st Edn  pp. 1–96 [38] Footnote: Thomson denies the description and pointed out the synonymy with Cetonia albo-picta (Gory & Percheron) pdf

Schenkling, S. (1921). Scarabaeidae: Cetoninae. pp. 1–431 in Junk, W. (ed.) Coleopterorum Catalogus. Pars 72. Berlin-'s-Gravenhage : Verlag für Naturwissenschaften Vol. 21 1st Edn [80] Listed as "Ichnostoma Lacordairei J. Thoms. in Lacord. Gen. Col. Atlas, t. 38, fig. 2"

Valck Lucassen, F.T. (1933). Ichnostoma Lacordairii (Thoms.) Lac. Tijdschr. Entomol. 76: 102 [102] pdf The Leiden museum bought the Valck Lucassen collection, including this type of Lacordaire, in 1940. Valck Lucassen gave 1869 as publication date of Thomson'sMusée Scientifique, in error.

Holm, E., Marais, E. (1988). Revision of African Cetoniinae I: Genus Trichostetha Burmeister (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae).  Cimbebasia 10: 51–65 [59] "This type was illustrated by Lacordaire (Gen, Coleopt. pl. 38 fig. 2) as if described by Thomson. Thomson (1869) denied the description and pointed out the synonymy with T. albopicta"

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